Miami (CBSMiami/CNN) – In order for people to travel in 2021, they may eventually need a COVID vaccine passport.
Some companies and technical teams have begun to develop smartphone apps or systems for individuals to upload details of their COVID-19 tests and vaccines, and create digital credentials that can be displayed to enter concert venues, stadiums, movie theaters, offices and even the country.
The Common Trust Network, initiated by the Geneva-based non-profit organization The Commons Project and the World Economic Forum, and hundreds of airlines including Cathay Pacific, JetBlue, Lufthansa, Swiss Airlines, United Airlines and Virgin Atlantic The health system has established partnerships throughout the United States and the Aruba government.
The CommonPass application created by the group allows users to upload medical data, such as COVID-1
“You can be tested every time you cross the border. Thomas Crampton, Chief Marketing and Communications Officer of The Commons Project, told CNN Business that you will not be vaccinated every time you cross the border. He emphasized the need for a set of simple and easily transferable certificates or “Digital Yellow Card” refers to a paper document usually issued as a vaccination certificate.
Large technology companies have also begun to take action. IBM has developed its own application called Digital Health Pass, which allows companies and sites to customize the input required indicators, including coronavirus testing, temperature checks and vaccination records. Then, the credentials corresponding to those indicators are stored in the mobile wallet.
In response to one challenge of returning to normal after the vaccine is widely distributed, developers may now have to face other challenges, from privacy issues to representing the different effectiveness of different vaccines. But the most pressing challenge may simply be to avoid the disjointed implementation and mixed success of previous attempts by technology to solve the public health crisis, namely contact tracking applications.
In the early days of the pandemic, Apple and Google abandoned their competition in the smartphone field and jointly developed a Bluetooth-based system to notify users whether they had been exposed to the COVID-19 virus. Many countries and state governments around the world have also developed and used their own applications.
“I think the exposure notice has encountered some challenges, more sporadic implementation options, lack of federal leadership… Each state must deal with it independently, so each state must resolve it independently,” Jenny Wanger said. Linux Foundation Public Health’s exposure notification program, Linux Foundation Public Health is a technology-focused organization designed to help public health authorities around the world respond to COVID-19.
To encourage better coordination this time, the Linux Foundation is cooperating with the COVID-19 Voucher Program, which consists of more than 300 people from dozens of organizations on five continents, and also collaborates with IBM and CommonPass to help develop a set of common standards . Used in vaccine voucher applications.
“If we succeed, you should be able to say: I have a vaccination certificate on my mobile phone. When I was vaccinated in a country/region, I got the certificate and have a complete set of health management methods…I use Come and fly to a completely different country, and then I show the vaccination certificate in that new country so that I can participate in the concert held indoors, and the people who attend the concert are limited to those who prove that they have been vaccinated.” , Said Brian Behlendorf, executive director of the Linux Foundation.
He said: “It should interoperate in the same way that email is interoperable, and the same way that networks are interoperable.” “Currently, we are in a situation where some moving parts bring us closer to this situation, but I think the industry Everyone here promises sincerely.”
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Part of the reason for ensuring the widespread use of vaccine passports is that they account for a large part of the global population, who still do not use or cannot use smartphones. Some companies in the COVID-19 certificate program are also developing a smart card that is in the middle of the gap between traditional paper vaccine certificates and online versions that are easier to store and copy.
“For us [about] Not only through smart phones, but also through other ways to show how to store digital certificates for people who cannot access a stable Internet and do not have smart phones. “The content of the COVID-19 certificate program. “We are studying it, and some companies are doing really promising work.
Once they have made the vaccine passport, the company will need to make sure that people feel comfortable using it. This means facing concerns about the handling of private medical information.
CommonPass, IBM, and the Linux Foundation all emphasize privacy at the core of their plans. IBM said it allows users to control and agree to the use of their health data, and allows them to choose the level of detail to provide to the authorities.
The company stated in its blog: “Trust and transparency are still essential when developing platforms such as digital health passports or any solutions for handling sensitive personal information.” “The first response to privacy issues is to manage and analyze data in these complex periods. Important priority.”
Vaccines produced by multiple companies in multiple countries are at different stages of development, and passport manufacturers will need to consider many variables.
“The point of entry-whether it’s the border, whether it’s the location-all want to know, whether you got the Pfizer vaccine, you got the Russian vaccine, you got the Chinese vaccine, so they can make a decision accordingly,” Crampton said. The difference may be significant: For example, the vaccine developed by the Chinese state-owned pharmaceutical giant Sinopharm has an efficacy of 86% against COVID-19, while the efficacy of vaccines produced by Pfizer and Moderna is about 95%.
Dr. Julie Parsonnet, an infectious disease expert at Stanford University, said it is unclear whether the vaccine is effective in stopping the spread of the virus. Therefore, although the Vaccine Passport app will show that you have been vaccinated, it does not guarantee that you can safely participate in activities or fly.
She told CNN Business: “We still don’t know whether the vaccinated person can spread the infection.” “Until clarified, we will not know whether the’passport’ is valid.”
Nevertheless, Berendorf expects that once everything is in place, the launch and adoption of vaccine passports will happen soon, and hopes that various applications that can be used in conjunction with each other will be “widely available” in the first half of 2021.
He said, “Don’t worry, the bookworm is on it.”
(©2020 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All rights reserved. Time Warner Cable News Network, Inc. contributed to this report.)