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World powers seek to return the U.S. to the Iran nuclear deal



Vienna (Associated Press)-Officials from the world’s five largest countries started a new effort on Tuesday to try to get the United States back to the 2015 nuclear agreement that they signed with Iran. This is a delicate diplomatic dance that needs to balance Washington. And the concerns and interests of the United States. Tehran.

The envoys of Russia, China, Germany, France, Britain and Iran are meeting in Vienna at a time when the United States is about to enter into indirect dialogue with Iran. This will be one of the earliest signs of substantial progress in the efforts of the two countries to return to the agreement, which restricted Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for relief from U.S. and international sanctions.

After the signatories of the agreement held a private meeting called the “Joint Comprehensive Action Plan,”

; Russian representative Mikhail Ulyanov said on Twitter that the initial meeting was ” successful”.

“The restoration of JCPOA will not happen immediately. It will take some time. How long? No one knows,” he wrote. “After today’s meeting of the Joint Committee, the most important thing is that the actual work to achieve this goal has begun.”

In 2018, then President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew the United States from the agreement and chose what he called the greatest pressure campaign, which involved restoration and further US sanctions.

Since then, Iran has been constantly violating the restrictions in the agreement, such as the amount of enriched uranium it can store and the purity it can enrich. Tehran’s move is calculated to put pressure on other countries in the transaction to require them to take more actions to offset the brutal US sanctions imposed by Trump on Trump.

US President Joe Biden served as Barack Obama’s vice president when negotiating the original agreement. He has stated that he wants to bring the United States back to the JCPOA, but Iran must reverse its violations.

Iran argues that the first withdrawal by the United States violated the agreement, so Washington must take the first step to lift sanctions.

After the meeting in Vienna, Iranian state television quoted Iranian negotiator Abbas Araghchi to reiterate this message at the opening of the meeting.

Araghi was quoted as saying: “Removal of U.S. sanctions is the first and most necessary action to resume the transaction.” “Iran is fully prepared to withdraw its activities and resume full execution of the transaction immediately after confirming that the sanctions are lifted.”

At the meeting, the participants agreed to establish two expert-level teams, one on sanctions lifting and the other on nuclear issues. The task is to “determine the specific measures that Washington and Tehran will take to restore the comprehensive JCPOA Implementation.” Ulyanov tweeted.

They will begin work immediately and report their conclusions to the main negotiator.

The ultimate goal of the agreement is to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear bomb, which Iran insists it does not want to do. Iran now has enough enriched uranium to make bombs, but it is far from the amount before the nuclear agreement was signed.

Iran’s civil nuclear program spokesperson, Behrouz Kamalvandi (Behrouz Kamalvandi) said in the recently announced infringement that officials have begun mechanical testing of IR-9 centrifuges. According to the semi-official ISNA News Agency, the centrifuge can enrich uranium 50 times faster than the IR-1 allowed by the agreement.

The time has come to try to get the United States to rejoin the deal. The purpose is to return Iran to a state of compliance, and there are many issues to consider.

In late February, Iran began to restrict international inspections of its nuclear facilities, but according to the agreement reached by Rafael Grossi, head of the Vienna-based UN Atomic Supervision Agency, on a last-minute deal to Tehran, Part of the channel is reserved.

According to the agreement, Iran will no longer share surveillance video footage of its nuclear facilities with the International Atomic Energy Agency, but it has promised to keep these videotapes for three months. If sanctions relief is obtained, it will hand them over to the International Atomic Energy Agency. Otherwise, Iran vowed to erase the record and narrow the window for diplomatic breakthroughs.

Iran’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad Javad Zarif also urged the United States to act quickly in March, noting that as Iran’s June election approaches, Washington will find itself in conflict with those unable to make progress in nuclear negotiations. Dealing with the government.

In addition, a major so-called sunset clause of the JCPOA, the UN arms embargo on Iran, expired last year, while other clauses will expire in the next few years.

The small window of negotiations will make it more difficult for the United States to incorporate new concerns into the deal, such as Iran’s regional influence and its ballistic missile program.

Although not participating in the JCPOA talks, the US government headed by the Iranian government special envoy Rob Malley also participated in the Austrian capital.

State Department spokesperson Ned Price said that the delegation was there to hold talks around a working group of Europeans.

Price said on Monday that the talks were “healthy progress,” but added: “We don’t expect a breakthrough soon or immediately because we fully hope that these discussions will be difficult.”

He said: “We currently do not expect to have a direct dialogue with Iran.” “Although we of course remain open to them. Therefore, we have to look at the situation.”

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said on Tuesday that even if US diplomats do not engage in direct dialogue with Iran, it is valuable.

Psaki said: “I think it’s important to send a message to our partners… We think diplomacy is the best step forward.”

Zarif (Zarif) on Friday reiterated Iran’s position because the deal and its parameters have already been negotiated, so no other negotiations on the JCPOA are required.

“There is no meeting between Iran and the United States. It is unnecessary.” He tweeted.

The JCPOA joint committee is expected to meet again on Friday. At the same time, the EU official Enrique Mora who chaired the meeting said that he will be in touch with all parties.

He said on Twitter: “As a coordinator, I will have in-depth contact with all relevant parties including the United States in Vienna.”

United Nations spokesperson Stephane Dujarric (Stephane Dujarric) asked Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to respond to the meeting. We hope this is the first step in the right direction. “

Associated Press reporters, Gail Morson in Berlin, Jon Gmbrel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Edith M. Lederer of the United Nations, and Emil Vadat of Tehran, Iran. Made a contribution.


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