Berlin (Associated Press)-World leaders sighed and sighed with relief that the United States under the leadership of US President Joe Biden is rejoining the global effort to contain climate change, and this effort is his The predecessor avoided it in the past four years.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and French President Emmanuel Macron both welcomed Biden’s decision to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement, thereby reversing a key Trump policy. During the first few hours of the presidency on Wednesday.
Johnson said on Twitter: “Re-joining the Paris Agreement is very positive news.”
Macron said that with Biden, “we will become stronger and able to face the challenges of the times. Build our future stronger. Protect our planet and become stronger.”
The Paris Agreement forged in the French capital in 2015 promised countries to propose plans to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released by burning fossil fuels.
As president, Donald Trump questions scientific warnings Reports of man-made global warming sometimes accuse other countries of using the Paris Agreement as a club to harm Washington. The United States formally withdrew from the treaty in November.
Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo (Anne Hidalgo) said: “The departure of the United States has undoubtedly weakened our ability to change things, especially the ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”
She said: “Now we are dealing with a government that is aware of the problem and is very committed to using the voice of the United States, which is very powerful internationally.”
Biden made the fight against climate change the core of his presidential campaign and immediately launched a series of climate-friendly efforts on Wednesday to keep Washington in step with the rest of the world on this issue.
Biden said in his inauguration speech: “The voice of survival comes from the earth itself.” “Now there is no more desperate voice.”
Experts say that in accordance with any international effort reached in the Paris Agreement, global warming should be far below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), ideally 1.5C (2.7F). Without the contribution of the United States, this would be difficult. task. The United States is the world’s second largest carbon emitter.
Scientists say that the time to achieve this goal is running out, because the world has heated up by 1.2 C (2.2 F) since the pre-industrial era.
Of particular importance is deforestation in the vast Amazon rainforest. Brazilian President Jal Bolsonro has global leaders, including Biden before his election victory, and rising deforestation non-profit organizations have faced criticism.
Bolsonaro has been disdainful of international efforts to guide Brazil’s management of the huge rainforest, saying that its resources must be used to support growth and economic development. However, in his letter to Biden on Wednesday, he urged the two countries to continue to “establish a partnership to promote sustainable development and environmental protection, especially the development of the Amazon region.”
Bolsonaro added in the letter: “I emphasize that after introducing new national targets, Brazil has shown its commitment to the Paris Agreement.”
Italy said that the return of the United States to the Paris Agreement will help other countries reach their own climate commitments. Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte tweeted: “Italy looks forward to working with the United States to build a sustainable planet and ensure a bright future for future generations.”
Given that the Vatican’s decision is in line with Pope Francis’ environmental agenda and belief in multilateral diplomacy, the Vatican is also clearly pleased. Vatican Deputy Editor Alessandro Gissotti pointed out in a front-page editorial for the “Rome Observer” on Wednesday that Biden’s decision to rejoin Paris is “combined with Pope Francis’s commitment to support our common residence.”
German Chancellor Angela Merkel reacted more coldly. She pointed out on Thursday that her government “may have more similar views” to Biden on issues such as the Paris climate agreement, immigration and the World Health Organization.
Young activists who have been at the forefront of demanding leaders take the threat of global warming seriously, saying they now want to see Washington take concrete action.
“Many countries have signed the Paris Agreement, but they are still part of the Paris Agreement, but they have a very free interpretation of the meaning,” said Juan A, one of the organizers of the “Future Friday” movement in Spain. Quilera said. “In many cases, signing it has become a show because in the end, at least in the short term, the specific measures being taken are not satisfactory.”
Biden appointed a large team Address climate change domestically and internationally. Former Secretary of State John Kerry (John Kerry) was appointed as the President’s special climate envoy. He participated in a virtual event with Italian industry on Thursday, during which he touted the “green economy” as an engine of employment and said that the United States plans to make up for it. Time has lost its way in the past four years.
Organizers of the Climate Change Adaptation Conference on Monday said they hope Kerry will also participate. Biden himself also talked about inviting world leaders to hold summits on this issue within the first 100 days of office.
In the coming months, US allies and competitors will pay close attention to see how much the government will provide for emission reductions in the next ten years. The exact figures are expected to be announced before the UN Climate Summit in Glasgow, Scotland in November.
Senior people at these gatherings pointed out that the United States has successfully brought strong diplomatic influence in the past.
Farhana Yamin, a British lawyer who served as a Marshall Islands consultant in the Paris negotiations, said that she left the climate negotiations in 2018 and was not only disappointed with the U.S. troop withdrawal, but also “disappointed” by the failure of other countries, including her own country. aims.
She said: “I hope Britain can make more progress in this area.” She added that she hopes that changes in the White House will mean that others will also increase their climate ambitions. “The United States has always had a huge influence on its allies.”
The Associated Press writers Karl Ritter and Nicole Winfield in Rome, Oleg Cetinic in Paris, Aritz Pala in Madrid Parra and David Biller of Rio de Janeiro contributed to this report.
Learn about AP’s climate coverage through the following website: https://www.apnews.com/Climate