This week, the large batch of Pfizer vaccines that landed in Canada from a factory in Belgium may represent a turning point in the country’s vaccination efforts, even though the winter storm delayed the arrival of these vaccines.
When Pfizer and Moderna reduced vaccine shipments to Canada due to manufacturing problems, and then Pfizer briefly stopped shipments, the two companies set off a nationwide boom and a wave of intense political rhetoric. Nevertheless, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau insisted that by the end of March, the government will still reach its 6 million dose target, enough to accommodate 3 million people.
The speed of vaccination, anger, anxiety and general dissatisfaction is not limited to Canada. My colleagues in Europe also reported similar views.
[Read:[Read:[读：[Read:France is deadlocked between stubbornly high infection rate and slow vaccine promotion]
[Read:[Read:[读：[Read:Vaccine shortage has severely hit the EU’s immunization race]
In an article about Canada published on Thursday, I spoke with people in various fields such as vaccine development, epidemiology, infection control, and medical supply chain. All of them said they understood the frustration of Canadians. But none of them were surprised that the first wave of vaccine delivery did not go as planned. They said that this is the essence of the new vaccine.
They also cited two factors for the slow start-up: the lack of mature vaccine manufacturers headquartered in Canada and Canada’s moderate vaccine production capacity. But they said that, so far, the government has had little power to build and run such factories.
Until last summer, Mr. Trudeau and other members of his cabinet repeatedly stated that they were working to produce vaccines from the Canadian plant by the end of 2020. However, in testimony from a Congressional committee this week, Mr. Trudeau’s vice chairman Mark Lievonen (Mark Lievonen) Federal Vaccine Task Force stated that there has never been a Canadian manufacturing option that can speed delivery. In an earlier testimony, Anita Anand, the minister in charge of vaccine transactions, stated that the government could not persuade any major vaccine manufacturer to set up stores in Canada last year.
There will be a domestic vaccine, but this will not happen until after September. This is the goal of the Canadian government to vaccinate all Canadians. The federally funded factories in Montreal and Saskatoon are expected to be put into operation by the end of this year, which is also the estimated delivery date for Canada’s first batch of indigenous vaccines. Its developer, Providence Therapeutics, is a Calgary-based biotech start-up that is currently in the early stages of testing vaccines and has obtained regulatory authorization to produce these year-end batches for Manitoba.
Canada may also need fewer vaccines than originally thought. There are now four studies showing that people who have been infected with the coronavirus can get two doses of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to boost their immunity with just one injection.
What remains to be seen is whether Pfizer and Moderna can continue to expand their production scale, and how many of the other five companies that have placed orders in Canada to bring their vaccines to the market.
After reading Dan Bilefsky’s “Letter from Canada” on travel restrictions between Canada and the United States last week, many people wrote letters and asked why people who have been vaccinated are not allowed to cross the border again Canada may be exempted from Canadian quarantine measures.
Although current regulations allow extended family members, including dates and grandparents, to visit Canada, many of you point out that the two-week quarantine makes visits impractical for many people. For months, I have been hearing news that Americans who own holiday properties in Canada are now unable to visit.
There are several reasons. However, one of the main answers has to do with Canadian and American public health officials’ continuous recommendations to avoid any travel. Early data from Israel shows that Pfizer’s BioNTech vaccine is indeed very effective in protecting people receiving the vaccine. But there is a blind spot in the research: it is still unknown whether the vaccinated people will be infected.
[Read:[Read:[读：[Read:help! I have been vaccinated, but what do I need to know to protect others?]
The most important thing is the proof of vaccination. Denmark has proposed a digital vaccination passport, and the International Air Transport Association has a digital vaccine travel pass, but an international consensus on handling this issue has not yet been reached.
Fake documents have become a problem with Covid-19 test results, and passengers must present the certificate before boarding. On Thursday, Transport Canada said that after they tested positive last month, they were fined 10,000 Canadian dollars and another 7,000 yuan for boarding a flight from Mexico to Canada. The unnamed couple presented falsified test results indicating that they were not infected.
Brian Boucher wrote that the exhibition by Winnipeg artist Divya Mehra of Los Angeles “includes only one work, but it is a big lie: the wavy and shaped emojis are nearly 20 feet tall. The inflatable version expresses the “tsunami of grief”; when the exhibition opened in mid-January, 2 million people died of the coronavirus.”
The overall changes in Canadian gun laws will support the federal government’s penalties, including the federal government, including the time of imprisonment. This will also make it easier to take the firearm license.
A family in the suburbs of Montreal is part of the “talkative hockey” sport.
The two technology giants took action this week, which may indicate that Canada may introduce laws regulating digital giants later this year. Google has agreed to pay Australian news organizations, while Facebook has restricted users in that country from sharing news articles.
Ian Austen is a native of Windsor, Ontario. He was educated in Toronto and lived in Ottawa. For the past 16 years, he has covered the situation in Canada for The New York Times. Follow him on Twitter at @ianrausten.
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