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Why children can’t get the COVID-19 vaccine yet.Who might have to wait



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So far, most of the adverse reactions to the coronavirus vaccine are allergic reactions, and medical professionals immediately treated them.

Sarah Tu/CNET

Now, the dose of modern COVID-19 vaccine When it was distributed with Pfizer’s vaccine, the first round of vaccination against the coronavirus was in full swing. For most people, Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine It has been proven safe in large-scale, months-long clinical trials. The same is true for Moderna’s vaccine. However, as with any new medicine, medical professionals must be extra careful when taking the coronavirus vaccine, especially for people who have had adverse reactions to any vaccination in the past.

For example, one of the safety precautions has become Coronavirus vaccine It involves staying on the scene for a period of time after the injection so that medical professionals have time to monitor any adverse reactions. This does not mean that the doctor would expect anything bad to happen. So far, more than 1.1 million people in the United States have been vaccinated, and very few people have had allergies or other types of reactions.

read more: Determine priority to receive coronavirus vaccine

But what about children, people with known allergies and pregnant or nursing mothers? Here, we aggregate available data from the FDA and CDC, as well as information from leading health experts, to provide guidance on who is recommended to take the drug. COVID-19 vaccine Who should contact a medical professional first.

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If you have a history of allergies, you may be asked to wait 15 to 30 minutes after the vaccination so that the medical staff can observe you.

Sarah Tu/CNET

When will the COVID-19 vaccine be given to children?

Currently, Pfizer’s coronavirus vaccine has been approved for use in people 16 years and older. (Moderna is 18 years old and above). This is because of the dozens of COVID-19 vaccines under development (including Pfizer and Moderna vaccines), children under 12 have not yet been tested. That was to be expected. Once the drug is found to be relatively safe, the vaccine is usually tested in adults first, and then researchers are asked to test it in children.

Another factor is that COVID-19 seems to protect children from the worst consequences. A report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in September showed that so far, of the 190,000 people who have died from the coronavirus in the United States so far, only 121 children. Other studies have found that although children are still considered to be the vectors for the transmission of COVID-19, especially among high-risk groups, the amount of coronavirus caught and transmitted by children is about half of that of adults. For example, a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention this summer highlighted a summer camp in Georgia, where the coronavirus epidemic has caused more than 250 children and young people to test positive for COVID-19.

The company announced in early December that Moderna is about to start pediatric clinical trials for children aged 12 to 17. This is a good sign.

A boy wearing a handmade mask is trying to reduce the spread of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.

Moderna has announced that it will be the first coronavirus vaccine manufacturer to test the vaccine for children aged 12 to 17.

Stephen Shankland/CNET

Can people with allergies get the COVID-19 vaccine?

In the UK, on ​​the first day of using Pfizer vaccine, doctors observed that two patients had severe allergic reactions to the drug. Now, British doctors are told to monitor patients for 15 minutes after taking the COVID-19 vaccine. According to CDC data, six severe allergic reactions occurred in the approximately 272,000 vaccines vaccinated before December 19 in the United States. (More than 1.1 million people in the United States have now been vaccinated.)

The FDA said complications are rare, and some people may have allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccine produced by Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, such as allergic reactions or tissue swelling. According to a report by the Wall Street Journal on December 25, some scientists are investigating whether the cause is a component of the vaccine, rather than the COVID-19 mRNA itself, which may trigger certain reactions.

The agency said: “The CDC recommends that people with a history of severe allergic reactions unrelated to vaccines or injections (such as people allergic to food, pets, venom, the environment, or latex) should still be vaccinated.” -19 Vaccine And severe allergic reactions page.

The FDA has issued a fact sheet on Pfizer’s vaccine and a separate fact sheet on Moderna. Both publications warned: “Serious allergic reactions usually occur within a few minutes to an hour after taking the medicine…” Then both papers listed some signs and symptoms of this allergic reaction:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the face and throat
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Whole body rash
  • Dizziness and weakness

If you have a history of allergies, you can monitor for 15 to 30 minutes after vaccination.

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If you are allergic to any ingredient in the Pfizer coronavirus vaccine, the FDA advises you not to take it.

Sarah Tu/CNET

The FDA also recommends that you should not take the Pfizer vaccine if you have had a severe reaction to any of the following ingredients:

  • Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)
  • Lipid ((4-hydroxybutyl)azadiyl)bis(hexane-6,1-diyl)bis(2-hexyldecanoate) 2 [(polyethylene glycol)-2000]-N,N-Tyrancosylacetamide 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine and cholesterol)
  • Potassium chloride
  • Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate
  • Sodium chloride
  • Disodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate
  • sucrose

If you are allergic to any of its ingredients, the FDA also recommends avoiding Moderna’s vaccine:

  • mRNA
  • Lipids (SM-102, polyethylene glycol [PEG] 2000 two myristyl glycerin [DMG], Cholesterol and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine [DSPC])
  • Trimethylamine
  • Tromethamine Hydrochloride
  • acetic acid
  • Sodium acetate
  • sucrose

Even if you have had an allergic reaction to a vaccine in the past, you may still be able to get the vaccine. In the latest guidance, the CDC responded to the FDA, stating that just because you have had a severe allergic reaction to the vaccine in the past, it will not automatically prevent you from getting COVID-19.

The CDC stated on its website: “These people may still be vaccinated, but they should be warned about the unknown risk of severe allergic reactions and balance these risks with the benefits of vaccination.

Covid precautions six-foot customer markings at retail locations

Before most people in the United States are vaccinated, you can expect that everyone will continue to distance themselves from society, avoid crowds and wear masks in public places.

Sarah Tu/CNET

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, is the vaccine safe?

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, the FDA will decide whether to take the currently approved COVID-19 vaccine to you and your doctor. So far, British regulators have advised against using it until the vaccine can be tested on pregnant and breastfeeding women. (So ​​far, the group has no clinical trials.) Although coronavirus vaccines have not been studied in nursing and pregnant women, many scientists believe that they are generally safe and their benefits far outweigh the potential risks.

If I cannot get the vaccine, how can I prevent COVID-19?

If you are a patient with a health condition, it is recommended that your doctor advise you not to get the COVID-19 vaccine, then you may have to wait until enough people in the United States are vaccinated to be protected. Even if you are not vaccinated yourself, being surrounded by enough vaccinators-so-called “herd immunity”-can provide some protection against the coronavirus. But it takes time. It may require up to 90% of the population to be immune to the disease before those who are still susceptible can be considered safe.

In order to implement this process, your best current practice is to comply with CDC’s safety guidelines: you must wear a mask whenever you are indoors (except at home). Wear a mask in public, Avoid overcrowding And keep at least six feet away from people you don’t live with.

It takes time for life to return to normal.To understand how long, take a look at the following timeline: When will different groups Take the COVID-19 vaccine.Several coronavirus vaccines may be introduced in the next few months, and Which one would you choose It will also help you determine when to start taking it. At last, This is our updated list of locations Where can I get the vaccine.

The information contained in this article is for educational and information purposes only, and not for health or medical advice. If you have any questions about medical conditions or health goals, be sure to consult a doctor or other qualified healthcare provider.


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