قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Health / Warning! Alcohol, tobacco is a bigger health threat than illegal drugs

Warning! Alcohol, tobacco is a bigger health threat than illegal drugs



  Alcohol, Tobacco, Drugs, Health Hazards, Illicit Drugs, Smoking, Cancer Tobacco and alcohol pose a greater threat to human health worldwide than the use of all other addictive, illegal drugs, scientists say. [1
96592002] Tobacco and alcohol pose a greater threat to human health worldwide than the use of all other addictive, illegal drugs, scientists say. A study published in Addiction magazine showed that drinking and consuming tobacco in 2015 cost the human population more than a quarter of a billion disability-adjusted years, with illegal drugs costing another ten million. Researchers including the University of New South Wales in Australia and the University of Bristol in the UK found that the biggest health burden of substance use is due to smoking and the least due to illicit drugs.

Global estimates suggest that nearly one in seven adults (15.2 percent) smoke tobacco and one in five adults reported at least one case of heavy drinking last month. Compared to the rest of the world, Central, Eastern and Western Europe recorded consistently higher per capita alcohol consumption (11.61, 11.98 and 11.09 liters, respectively) and a higher proportion of heavy drinkers (50.5 per cent , 48.2 percent, and 40.2 percent, respectively). The same European regions also had the highest prevalence of tobacco smoking (Eastern Europe 24.2%, Central Europe 23.7% and Western Europe 20.9%).

In contrast, the use of illegal drugs was far less common. In the past year, less than one in twenty people have consumed cannabis and significantly lower estimates have been found for amphetamines, opioids and cocaine. Hotspots were the USA, Canada and Australasia. The US and Canada had one of the highest rates of cannabis, opioid and cocaine dependence. Australasia had the highest prevalence of amphetamine addiction and high dependence on cannabis, opioid and cocaine (693.7, 509.9 and 160.5 per 100,000 people, respectively).

Some countries and regions (eg Africa, Caribbean and Latin America) America, Asia regions) have little or no data on substance use and associated health burden. These are typically low- and middle-income countries that often pursue criminal drug policies and may experience serious political and social unrest. These countries need more surveillance as they are at risk of rapid escalation of substance use and associated health burden.


Source link