The vote came after the conference committee reached an agreement on Saturday to reconcile different versions of the bill passed in the two houses earlier this month.
influences: Virginia is the 16th state in the United States to pass laws to legalize adult marijuana, although sales will not begin until 2024. Only two other states-Illinois and Vermont-have passed legislation to legalize, tax and regulate recreational marijuana through the legislature.
The move put pressure on neighboring countries such as Maryland, and the adult use legalization bill opened for the first time this month. After voters overwhelmingly supported the referendum in November, New Jersey recently enacted a legalization law.
According to the compromise plan, the possession of cannabis will not become legal until it is planned to start selling cannabis in January 2024. The state will begin to establish a cannabis regulatory agency in July this year.
Background: Last year, at a special meeting dedicated to criminal justice reform, the state legalized marijuana. Virginia’s medical marijuana program has just started, and lawmakers passed a bill at this session that would expand the scope of the program to allow the use of cannabis flower products.
Northam approved the legalization in November and urged lawmakers to pass his proposal in his state speech. The legislation is based on two extensive studies of this issue: a report by his government and another report by the non-party joint legislative audit and review committee.
The bill quickly passed the meeting room in a short 30-day meeting, and Northam extended the special meeting for 16 days. Legislators solved difficult problems, such as how to prevent large companies from taking over the cannabis market, and how to deal with the automatic removal of cannabis crimes when the criminal justice system lacks the technology to do so.
Those who oppose the legalization of marijuana pointed to public health issues, such as the inconvenience of youth use and driving, and the tobacco giant Altria Group lobbying on this issue. Altria Group acquired a stake in Canadian cannabis company Cronos Group (Cronos Group) in 2018 for US$1.8 billion.
Cannabis advocates point to the dangers of excessive cannabis crime in non-colored communities.The bill contains strong social equality provisions, including Prioritize The business licenses of individuals who are considered severely affected by criminal law enforcement, This prevented some Republicans who originally supported the party from voting on the bill.
GOP said: “At first, I supported the methods contained in the bill.” Senate Minority Leader Thomas Norment (Thomas Norment) in the live debate. Norment pointed to his advocacy of the decriminalization bill passed last year.
“I just don’t accept the social fairness set aside when issuing permits. We don’t do it for alcohol, and we don’t do it for other things,” he said.
detail: The bill will allow adults over the age of 21 to possess up to 1 ounce of marijuana. The bill will allow family planting-each family can grow up to two mature plants and two immature plants.
The bill provides for a 21% excise tax on marijuana and allows the city government to add a 3% tax to retailers on top of the existing sales tax. Marijuana taxes will be used to fund pre-school education, drug abuse disorder treatment programs and other public health programs. Part of the income will also be used for the Cannabis Equity Reinvestment Fund, which will provide resources such as scholarships and labor development to communities most affected by drug law enforcement.
In limited circumstances, vertical integration will allow the grandfathers of medical hemp producers and industrial hemp producers. Micro enterprises will also be allowed to integrate vertically.