The Trump administration has said it will not sit idly by in the face of Venezuelan leader Nicolas Maduro's "dictatorship."
But what does it say after Sunday's presidential election which has denounced as a "sham"? [1
The United States, which in March 2015 labeled Venezuela "a national security threat," has already been tagged
Maduro and several other senior government officials have been targeted and accused of drug trafficking.
President Donald Trump has banned US entities from Venezuelan State of the Union, PDVSA, and has forbidden any trading in the petro, the new crypto-currency that Venezuela launched into the public in March.
"If Maduro wins, the US Government will certainly tighten the screws even more," said David Smilde of the WOLA human rights center in Washington.
Mariano de Alba, a Venezuelan lawyer who specializes in international affairs affairs, said Washington wants sanctions against Venezuelan government officials, including their relatives and associates.
He said the steps were probably taken by the European Union, Canada and other Latin American countries, at Washington's urging.  The US Treasury Department's Madus's powerful deputy Diosdado Cabello, said Jason Marczak, Director of Latin American Studies at the Atlantic Council, to independent think-tank.
"Trump wants to have little choice but to show greater toughness, "said Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue which tries to foster democratic governance, after the US Ambassador to the United Nations, N ikki haley said last week it was "time for maduro to go."
– The Conoco effect –
Anoil embargo seems unlikely in the short term, said Alba, especially since the US oil giant ConocoPhillips in April "The Conoco situation is placing a huge burden on the Maduro government, because no Venezuelan oil."
"The Conoco situation is placing a huge burden on the Maduro government tanker can leave to international waters without the threat of being seized, "said Marczak.
Smile agreed, but said that before Washington starts a total oil blockade, it can take intermediary measures against the Venezuelan oil sector – the backbone of the Venezuelan tankers.
"A more drastic measure – stopping oil imports from Venezuela – now appears less likely since exacerbate the country's humanitaria n crisis, strengthen Maduro politically, and open the way for deeper Russian and Chinese involvement in Venezuela, "said Shifter.
But the United States wants to avoid" external factors exacerbating an already incredible humanitarian crisis and causing more people to leave , "said Marczak.
– The military factor –
Can the US military play a role in" restoring democracy "to Venezuela?
Trump said last August he was" not going to rule out a military option " in Venezuela.
His hawkish tone was applauded by some Venezuelan exiles in Miami.
"There is a clear risk of military action on the part of the United States," said Smilde. "Expat Venezuelans have been calling for some time, and there are always politicians and officials who are interested in military action."
"all the options are on the table, 'US military intervention remains highly improbable,' he said.
Marczak Skeptical of any US military operations, but did not rule out a post-election deepening of the "disenchantment" felt in the ranks of the Venezuelan armed forces,
"There's potential for the post-election situation to get worse," he said.
– No 'coherent' policy –
Washington is officially PENES PENNES AT A MEETING OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATE.
"I think the Trump administration's rhetoric on Venezuela, as on Cuba, is more oriented towards pleasing the
"Any post-May 20 election reaction will be purely ad hoc and unlikely to have a decisive impact on events," he said. 19659034] Victoria Gaytan, of the Global Americans working group on inter-American relations, did not expect more Washington from Sunday's polls, not just from Washington but from the international community in general.
Measures could include a refusal to acknowledge the election results, more economic sanctions and the denial of visas to Venezuelan officials.
"What we can expect to see is a commitment from the international community and from the region," she said
Members of the Bolivarian militias take part in the launching ceremony of the "Plan Republica", the security operation for the presidential election on May 20, in Caracas
Venezuelan president and presidential candidate Nicolas Maduro (C) and his wife Cilia Flores (R) attend a rally ahead of Sunday's controversial elections
President Nicolas Maduro cheers during a rally ahead of the presidential election Washington has dismissed as a "sham"