The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said on Tuesday that parents and pediatricians need to look for a rare paralytic disease in the next few months that affects young children. It is a disease similar to polio. For acute flaccid myelitis or AFM, the disease tends to peak. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that every other year, the last surge in cases was in 2018, when 238 cases were diagnosed in the United States. This year is likely to surge again, but the coronavirus pandemic will complicate the situation. “Dr. Thomas Clark, deputy director of the Viral Disease Division of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told reporters: “We are preparing for a possible outbreak of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention this year. We are concerned that in the COVID pandemic, this situation may not be added by Clark. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released the results of a study that was conducted after the last outbreak in 201
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said on Tuesday that parents and pediatricians need to look for a rare, paralysing disease in the coming months that affects young children.
The CDC says that this polio-like disease is called acute flaccid myelitis or AFM, and it peaks every other year. The last increase in cases was in 2018, when 238 cases were diagnosed in the United States.
This year is likely to have another climax, but the coronavirus pandemic will complicate the situation.
Dr. Thomas Clark, deputy director of the Department of Viral Diseases of the CDC, told reporters: “As we prepare for a possible disease outbreak this year, atomic force microscopy is a priority of the CDC.
“We are worried that in the COVID pandemic, this condition may not be recognized as AFM, or we are worried that if parents suffer from severe symptoms such as limb weakness, parents may worry about taking their children to see a doctor.” Clark added.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the results of a study conducted after the last outbreak in 2018. The study sent almost all affected children to the hospital. The average age of the patients was 5 years old.
Most people develop fever, respiratory disease, or both, and only then begin to show muscle weakness that is the most obvious symptom of AFM.
The CDC stated in its report: “In addition to weakness, common symptoms in clinical evaluation include gait difficulty (52%), neck or back pain (47%), fever (35%) and limb pain ( 34%).”
“Overall, 98% of the patients were hospitalized, 54% were admitted to the intensive care unit, and 23% required tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation.”
The CDC is now following up with family members to understand the situation of the child in the past two years since the impact. The CDC says that some may be permanently affected.
Need to act fast
Clark said that if children show any symptoms of limb weakness or pain after infection, parents and doctors need to act quickly, even during the coronavirus pandemic, they should not hesitate to send them to the hospital. The CDC says an assessment can tell doctors whether AFM can be performed, and faster treatment may help children recover.
The CDC said: “Since 2014, enteroviruses, especially EV-D68, may be the reason for the increase in cases every two years. AFM is a medical emergency, and patients must be hospitalized and monitored to prevent them from developing. For respiratory failure.”
It is also suspected that another virus called EV-A71 caused some AFM cases. The CDC said: “Various viruses including West Nile virus, adenovirus and non-polio enterovirus are known to cause AFM in a small number of infected people.”
Enterovirus is very common. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), they cause approximately 10 to 15 million infections in the United States each year. Although they are present all year round, they are most common in summer and autumn, which is when AFM reaches its peak.
Usually, enteroviruses cause cold-like symptoms, such as fever, runny nose and body aches, and people recover easily.
Clark said: “We don’t yet know why certain children get an atomic force microscope when most people who have recovered from respiratory diseases have no neurological symptoms.”
The connection to COVID-19 is unclear
The director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dr. Robert Redfield, said his agency is watching how the coronavirus pandemic will affect the expected spread of AFM-related viruses.
Redfield said: “It is not known how the COVID-19 pandemic and social distancing measures will affect the spread of the virus that could cause AFM, or whether COVID-19 will affect the health care system’s ability to quickly identify and respond to AFM. In a statement.
“If social distancing measures are adopted this year to reduce the spread of enterovirus, then AFM cases may be less than expected, otherwise the outbreak may be delayed.”
But he said that parents need to be vigilant.
As the parent of six children and the grandparent of 11 children, Redfield said that he understands the instinct to hope the symptoms go away on their own. However, weakness in limbs should be taken seriously. Redfield said in the briefing: “We hope parents realize this is a potentially serious signal.”
The CDC says that any measures taken by parents to reduce the risk of coronavirus infection will also help prevent AFM-related infections. This includes careful hand hygiene, clean surfaces, use of masks and body distancing.
Acute flaccid myelitis began in 2014 and was diagnosed in 120 patients in 34 states. Since then, the number of cases has increased every other year. The CDC confirmed 22 cases in 2015, 149 cases in 2016, 35 cases in 2017, and 238 cases in 2018.