The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines for fully vaccinated Americans last Friday, stating that the risk of traveling domestically and internationally is low.
A series of studies have found that vaccines used in the United States have a strong effect in preventing real-life infections. Therefore, federal government health officials have issued long-awaited recommendations.
Nevertheless, due to the increase in coronavirus cases at home and abroad, the CDC currently does not recommend travel.
Two weeks after a single dose of Johnson & Johnson vaccine, or two weeks after the second dose of Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna, one of the doses is considered to be a complete vaccination.
Do I still need to wear a mask and maintain social distancing when traveling?
Yes it is. According to federal law, masks must be worn at airports, on domestic flights in the United States, and in all transportation hubs. The CDC said that as long as measures such as the coronavirus have been taken, including wearing a mask, Americans who can be fully vaccinated can travel domestically without inspection or quarantine, although the agency warns that certain states and territories may Will retain its local travel restrictions and recommendations.
For those who wish to travel abroad, unless specified by the destination government, they will not need to undergo a coronavirus test before leaving the United States. However, vaccinated travelers are required to undergo a negative Covid-19 virus test before returning to the United States, and it is recommended that they be tested three to five days after their return, but self-quarantine is not required.
Can I go abroad?
Yes, but only in the country that owns you. U.S. citizens are still prohibited from entering most parts of Europe, although some countries such as Iceland allow tourists from the United States and other places to get vaccinated. Other places such as Turkey, Croatia and Montenegro have also been welcoming Americans with negative results, while Greece plans to open up negative results to fully vaccinated tourists and other foreigners in May.
Many Caribbean countries are already open to U.S. tourists, but each country has its own coronavirus agreement and entry requirements.
This is a complete list of countries where Americans can travel.
What about domestic travel? Is crossing borders free and clear?
In the past year, domestic travel has become very complicated, and states and territories have set their own travel restrictions and recommendations (and frequently update them) throughout the pandemic.
If you are fully vaccinated, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that you can travel freely within the United States and do not require testing or self-isolation before or after travel. But some state and local governments may choose to keep travel restrictions, including testing, quarantine, and orders not at home.
Before traveling across states, check the current rules at the destination and whether the state is abandoning testing and isolation of vaccinated people. You can find a list of current restrictions here.
How will they check if I have been fully vaccinated?
Now, the best way to prove that you have been vaccinated is to show your vaccine card.
Digital vaccines and health certificates indicate that people have been vaccinated or tested. These vaccines are in various stages of development around the world and are expected to eventually be widely used to accelerate travel.
The topic of “vaccine passport” is currently one of the hottest topics in the tourism industry, and its fairness in use and concerns about health and data privacy have been questioned.
On Friday, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis issued an executive order prohibiting local and state governments from requesting proof of service vaccination.
Last month, the European Union approved its own vaccine certificate, but still hopes that individual European countries will formulate their own travel requirements rules this summer.
But what about my child? What are the guidelines for traveling with people who have not been vaccinated?
The CDC advises people not to travel unless they have been vaccinated. If you must travel, the agency recommends testing one to three days before travel and following all coronavirus guidelines at your destination.
No vaccine has been approved for children under 16, but recent clinical trials have found that the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine is extremely effective in adolescents aged 12-15.
All air passengers aged two years and over entering the United States, including those who are fully vaccinated, must obtain a negative Covid-19 test result within three days before boarding.
What are my ethical obligations for places where most of my people are not vaccinated?
The launch of vaccination in the United States has always been the fastest in the world, but there is a clear gap between its rapid launch and vaccination plans in different countries. Some countries have not reported that they are taking a single dose.
Currently, there is a surge in new cases in many countries/regions, and strict coronavirus agreements are being implemented, including mask directives in public places, capacity restrictions in restaurants and tourist attractions, and other lock-in restrictions.
It is important to check the incidence, measures and medical infrastructure of the coronavirus before heading to the destination, and not to relax your vigilance when you arrive at the destination. Even if you are fully vaccinated, you can still spread the disease to local communities that have not yet been vaccinated.
You can track coronavirus vaccinations around the world here.
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