Except during the "Crew Dragon" demonstration 2 launch on May 30, 2020 (the first launch of NASA astronauts from American soil since 2011), Biden's campaign rarely mentioned his space priorities. Biden wrote on his website:
As President, I look forward to leading a bold space program that will continue to send astronaut heroes to help millions of people on our planet through investment in research and technology, expanding our exploration and scientific frontiers.
At the 2020 Platform Committee meeting on July 27, 2020, the Democratic Party platform-a practical list of the goals of the Democratic Party for the next four years was proposed. Although it completely insists on maintaining national health, economic growth and racial equality. Among other things, it only mentions the space program in just a few lines. John Logsdon, the founder of the George Washington University Space Policy Institute, believes that no matter how brief, it is considered promising. The Democratic Party platform not only recognized NASA’s current plan, but also mentioned its priority areas, from the development of science and technology to the continued operation of the International Space Station and human space exploration:
The Democrats continue to support NASA and are committed to continuing space exploration and discovery. In addition to scientific and medical research, technological innovation and educational missions that enable us to better understand our own planet and space, we believe in continuing to promote the spirit of NASA space exploration. We will continue to cooperate with the international community and continue our presence on the International Space Station to support the role of the United States in space to continue scientific and medical innovation. We support NASA’s work to enable Americans to return to the moon and surpass Mars to further explore our solar system. The Democrats also support the strengthening of NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Earth observation missions to better understand how climate change affects our planet.
From what we can gather, there are two main imminent things Variety possible.
First, the Biden administration can strengthen the earth observation capabilities of NASA and NOAA, The purpose is to better understand climate change. NASA Deputy Administrator Lori Garver (Lori Garver) during the Obama administration was an important speaker at the 2020 Space Vision Conference to be held from November 7 to 8, 2020. she says:
I think that managing the earth’s ability to sustain human life and biodiversity may dominate the Biden-Harris administration’s civil space agenda.
Second, although the Biden administration supports the return of humans to the moon, it did not specifically mention the launch date. As part of the Artemis mission, sending humans to the moon in 2024 is the Trump administration's timetable. There is speculation that the Biden administration will at least slow down the progress of the Artemis plan, perhaps freeing up funds for earth sciences and other priorities elsewhere in the agency. On December 20, 2020, both houses of the US Congress agreed to NASA's final budget for the 2021 fiscal year.In the report accompanying the bill, the Senate appropriation party pointed out that imminent uncertainty "makes it difficult to analyze the future impact of funding the program. The acceleration of the moon mission will take on other important NASA tasks." US Air Force Institute of Advanced Aerospace and Space Wendy Whitman Cobb, associate professor of strategy and security studies said
I don't think Artemis will be cancelled. I don't think it will get more benefits than it is now.
On November 10, the Biden administration announced the list of institutional review teams, which will be dispersed throughout the federal government to gather information and guide the Biden administration’s plans. Garver, who led the transition of the Obama administration, commented:
The transition team will really come to see how the situation is and make suggestions.
A key priority for Biden's focus on space is his selection of new NASA administrators. So far, he has remained silent about his choice, but there are many speculations about potential candidates. The list is dominated by women. For example, former NASA astronaut Pam Melroy (Pam Melroy) has performed three space shuttle missions, which is a possible option. Other possibilities include Wanda Austin, the former president and CEO of aerospace companies, and Gretchen McClain, a former NASA official, who later worked in industry and Serves on the boards of several companies.
Past transitions have shown that NASA’s new administrators may not arrive until a few months after the inauguration on January 20. Since taking office in January 2009, President Obama did not appoint Charlie Bolden as Chief Executive until May 2009 (Galver is the Deputy Chief Executive). The Senate confirmed them in July. Although Brianstein had become the top candidate for NASA's chief executive a few days after Trump won the presidential election in November 2016, he was not nominated until September 2017.
Bottom line: Democrat Joe Biden will become the next president of the United States. What are his plans for NASA and the U.S. space program? We expect to focus on Earth observations, especially observations related to climate change. We have predicted with many others that the goal of sending the next man and the first woman to the moon in the Artemis project will be postponed from 2024.
Learn more about EarthSky: NASA announces 18 astronauts in its Artemis team
Through the Democratic Party