After secret diplomatic talks in Frankfurt this week, potential breakthroughs have surfaced in the seemingly deadlocked effort to bring the United States back to a nuclear agreement with Iran.
The joint committee is the organization that brings together the existing signatories. It will meet on Friday to discuss the results of the Monday meeting. This is because people are increasingly optimistic that unexpected progress has been made.
The EU said in a statement on Thursday that the joint committee will be chaired by Erique Mora, the EU’s political director for foreign affairs, on behalf of the EU’s high representative Josep Borrell. The statement said: “Participants will discuss the possibility that the United States may return to the “Joint Comprehensive Action Plan” and how to ensure that all parties fully and effectively implement the agreement.”
Observers said that joint committees including China, Russia and European countries as well as the European Union meet regularly, but the announcement of the schedule shows developments. The last meeting was on December 12.
Iran has been asking the United States to lift all sanctions and unilaterally restore the agreement it reached in 2018.
Although the United States has stated that it is conducting indirect negotiations with Iran through European intermediaries, there is no sign of progress.
Increasingly frustrated within the Democratic Party is that Joe Biden may put Iran behind, worrying that if he takes action to lift the economic sanctions imposed by Donald Trump, he may lose congressional measures against him. Supported by an ambitious domestic agenda.
The focus of the private discussion was to agree on a framework that would allow the United States to begin lifting sanctions in exchange for Iran to take concrete and verifiable steps to make Iran fully comply with the agreement again. Iran has taken a series of reversible steps to reduce its compliance, including increasing uranium enrichment and reducing access to its nuclear sites by UN inspectors.
The United States also seeks to extend the duration of the agreement to some extent and expand it to include other issues that Iran has rejected, such as regional security.
Some observers worry that Biden does not understand the urgency of making progress before Iran’s June presidential election. Before the Iranian presidential election, hardliners who oppose the principles of the agreement may win the election with a low turnout rate.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (Sergei Lavrov) said this week that he is optimistic that the United States is willing to make concessions. He added: “I very much hope that the anti-Iranian inertia observed initially will give way to common sense.”