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Home / World / Trump administration pushes allies to put pressure on China’s nuclear program

Trump administration pushes allies to put pressure on China’s nuclear program



In a meeting last week between President Donald Trump’s Supreme Envoy for Arms Control and NATO allies, Marshall Billingosliya urged the allies to impose stricter arms control regulations on Beijing. The Obama administration has been trying to persuade China to reach a nuclear agreement with the United States and Russia, but there are still a few days before the election, and efforts to extend the agreement with Russia have progressed rapidly without Beijing’s participation. Has not shown interest in participating in the dialogue recently.

Billingslea’s efforts are part of a broader push by the Trump administration, which asserts its view that China, rather than Russia, poses the greatest threat to US national security, especially after the Covid-1

9 virus and the US economic downturn. Trump accused Beijing of America. Billingslea urges allies to impose consequences on China’s nuclear proliferation, similar to the consequences China is facing increasingly on its 5G network, which the Trump administration and other countries consider as a tool for espionage.

The Obama administration argued that China’s efforts to scale up mean that the United States and its allies must take preemptive defense actions, including the deployment of more missile defense systems to counter the thousands of missiles that China is said to be building. The US government also argued that China’s nuclear expansion legitimized the expansion of its own deep strike capabilities, thereby pushing back China’s missile battalion.

“Unlike the United States and Russia, our nuclear weapons programs are completely different in function and characteristics-whether this particular reactor is for military or civilian purposes, and China mixes everything together. Therefore, all of their civilian use Nuclear programs are all under the same conditions. Chinese Communist Party enterprises,” a senior government official told CNN.

They pointed out that the Chinese “have a doctrine called military-civilian integration, which says that any civilian company should provide military application technology to the party. This is a shocking thing.”

U.S. shows satellite imagery to allies

In the process of conveying information to NATO allies, Billingsley displayed a series of satellite images depicting the expansion of China’s nuclear program over the past decade. The images reviewed by CNN are not particularly enlightening, nor do they provide any new information that may affect allies who are unwilling to follow China in its nuclear program.

Jeffrey Lewis, director of the East Asian Non-Proliferation Program at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, said: “This is not a secret.” “The work of Jiuquan and Jintai is part of China’s plan to recover s from its civilian nuclear reactors. China has already Announcing this work publicly…Although this could be used to make nuclear weapons, the United States and other nuclear nations will refrain from using civilian reactors because it is undesirable in many ways.”

Mianyang-Billingslea (Billingslea) emphasized one of the locations when introducing NATO allies to the place where China designed nuclear weapons. Lewis added that it is no secret that China, like the United States, Russia, and other nuclear-weapon states, has a powerful simulation program that can maintain its stockpiles without testing.

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A NATO spokesperson declined to comment on the meeting. A senior official with a NATO member state told CNN, “Obviously we are all paying attention to this,” but he said that the meeting ended without a clear US request or action plan.

Despite the progress made in reducing nuclear arsenals during the Cold War, the world’s total inventory of nuclear warheads is still at a very high level, although the number is decreasing. Russia and the United States have approximately 91% of nuclear warheads, and Russia and the United States each have approximately 4,000 warheads in their military reserves.

In other words, the United States, Russia, and the United Kingdom are reducing their total warhead inventory, France and Israel have relatively stable inventories, while China, Pakistan, India, and North Korea are increasing the number of warheads they own. American scientist. This is particularly disturbing for Washington and other allies who have seen an increase in border disputes between China, India and Pakistan.

The Pentagon lists China’s warhead inventory as “low 200,” although since the Pentagon’s latest estimate from 2019 only includes “combat” warheads, this number is considered higher. In contrast, Russia’s total inventory is believed to exceed 6,000 warheads, while the United States currently has only 5,800 warheads.

Russia expressed its willingness to freeze its nuclear arsenal to expand its arms treaty with the United States
The Pentagon stated in September that China is trying to at least double the number of nuclear warheads in its nuclear arsenal within the next ten years, and its military strength has reached or surpassed the United States in a series of key areas.

Billingslea has made outreach efforts to China on its nuclear program, but the Chinese have not responded, and their enthusiasm for nuclear negotiations with the United States or Russia is very small. All the while, in recent weeks, with the expiration of the new “START” agreement aimed at reducing the risk of war between Russia and the West in February 2021, progress has been made in efforts to encourage Russians to participate in arms control discussions.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Trump’s democracy challenger, former Vice President Joe Biden, both said they wanted to expand the treaty. However, Trump stated that he would only agree to an extension if both parties also agreed to freeze all warhead inventories. Putin said he would consider freezing all warhead stocks, although officials said it is not yet clear how sincere he is with this promise.

The United States has previously proposed that Russia sign a presidential memorandum, which will become the blueprint for the next comprehensive agreement and cover the United States’ concerns, including China’s nuclear potential and Russia’s tactical nuclear weapons.

Ryan Browne of CNN contributed to this report.


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