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Tick-borne diseases in Connecticut – Hartford Courant



Diseases transmitted by black-legged ticks, commonly known as Deer Ticks:

Lyme Disease : The most commonly bird-borne disease in the US are ticks, insects or other animals. More than 300,000 people a year in this country believe to be infected with Lyme disease every year. The effects can range from mild to very strong. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "untreated Lyme disease can cause a variety of symptoms, including fever, rash, facial paralysis, and arthritis, depending on the stage of the infection." Of all Lyme disease cases, 90 percent may be due to the use of Antibiotics are cured.

Babesiosis: Many babesiose-infected people may feel comfortable and may not have any symptoms, according to the CDC. Some people develop flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, sweats, headaches, body aches, loss of appetite, nausea, or tiredness. Because Babesia parasites infect red blood cells, babesiosis can cause hemolytic anemia (by destroying red blood cells). The disease can be life-threatening, especially for the elderly, those with no spleen who have cancer, lymphoma or AIDS, or other serious health conditions such as liver or kidney disease.

Babesiosis can be treated with medications that include clindamycin and oral quinine or IV atovaquone and IV azithromycin, according to the CDC.

Anaplasmosis: A fairly rare tick-borne disease, anaplasmosis can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, headache, muscle aches, malaise, chills, nausea and / or abdominal pain, coughing, confusion, and, in rare cases, rashes. According to the CDC, the number of cases of this disease has risen from 348 in 2000 to 1

,761 in 2010.

CDC experts warn that this disease can be severe if not treated properly: "Severe clinical presentations may involve difficulty in breathing, bleeding, kidney failure, or neurological problems. The estimated mortality rate (ie People who die as a result of their infection are less than 1%, and patients who receive early treatment can recover quickly from outpatient medication, while those with severe disease require intravenous antibiotics, longer hospital stays or intensive care. "

Powassan Virus: A very rare tick-borne disease only about seven people a year in the US The Powassan virus can not cause symptoms in many infected individuals. CDC experts say symptoms may include fever, headache, weakness, confusion, vomiting, seizures, loss of coordination, language problems and seizures.

The virus can infect the nervous system and cause encephalitis or meningitis. This is an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. There is no known cure for the Powassan virus, and about 10 percent of cases of Powassan virus encephalitis are fatal, according to the CDC.

Another disease found in Connecticut that can transmit disease is the lonely star tick.

Connecticut's first breeding population of this invasive, disease-transmitting tick was discovered in 2017 at Manresa Island in South Norwalk. Government experts say that this type of ticks represents "a small direct threat" to people in Connecticut. The lone star tick, so called the light spot on the back of the females of the species, has spread in recent decades from the southeastern United States.

These ticks do not transmit the same serious diseases as the black-legged or deer ticks, but they can infect humans with diseases that include ehrlichiosis, Southern Ticks-Associated Skin Rash Disease (STARI), typhus rickettsiosis, tularemia, and heartland virus.


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