Global opposition to China
The following is an excerpt from the adaptation of Helen Raleigh’s new book, “Recoil: How China’s Aggression Goes Against His Will.” The leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Xi Jinping, is the most powerful leader of the Chinese Communist Party since Chairman Mao. However, Xi Jinping̵
7;s outgoing strongman image conceals his inner insecurity. When he came to power at the end of 2012, the Chinese economy had slowed from double-digit growth to single-digit growth. The working-age population, which is the engine of China’s economic growth, has begun to decline. The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a think tank based in Washington, DC, predicts that by 2030, “China will improve its declining labor force by hiring workers from abroad.” At the same time, according to Duquesne University professor of political science According to Mark Haas, “In 2050 alone, China will have more than 329 million people over 65 years old.” Therefore, China is expected to be the first major economy that will age before achieving widespread prosperity. . Without the demographic dividend and aging population, when the government needs to maintain intermediate growth, China’s economic growth will further slow down. The class requires them to have political freedom commensurate with their newly discovered wealth. The aging population will also force the government to allocate more national resources for elderly care and social services, which means there will be fewer resources to compete with the United States. This may be one of the most important reasons Xi Jinping feels he must give up the United States. The so-called strategic and patient guidance issued by Deng Xiaoping (from 1978 to 1997, China’s top leader) instructed comrades to spend time and avoid confrontation with powerful foreign forces until China is in a stronger position both economically and militarily. , Xi believes that China can no longer afford time. It must replace the free world order with a China-centered world order in order to make China’s population too old and China’s economy to become stagnant. However, Xi Jinping did not continue to carry out economic reforms, did not open more sectors to foreign investment and competition to strengthen the economy, but chose to hide China’s weaknesses and exaggerate China’s economic strength. He emphasizes self-reliance and uses China’s resources to attract “national champions” or state-owned enterprises that may compete with global leaders in strategic fields. Xi Jinping believes that nationalism is his new trump card. While strengthening the CCP’s rule over them, he can be used to inspire, inspire and unite one billion people. Others say that his introverted nationalist policies are leading China into the middle-income trap (Xi Jinping and his predecessors did their best to avoid a situation where China’s development level stagnates before it reaches the heights of other modern industrial countries. However, the faster China’s economy slows down, the more Xi Jinping needs to establish a strong image abroad, especially at home. As the two Chinese scholars Wang Gongwu and Zheng Yongnian wrote in “China and the New International Order”, this dynamic has a profound origin in Chinese history: “China’s internal order is closely related to its international order, so that if one person No one can survive without another person.; When the barbarians do not obey abroad, the insurgents may be easier to rise at home. Most dynasties collapsed under the double blow of internal strife and external disasters. Foreign invasion.” Xi Jinping is keenly aware that he is vulnerable to internal rebellions. He has eliminated more than 1.5 million government officials, military leaders and party elites. His trade war with the United States is extremely unpopular in China because it has caused economic suffering, such as rising unemployment, factory closures, and the shift of global supply chains from China. Xi Jinping knows very well that if he shows any signs of weakness, he might end up like a political opponent Bo Xilai, a member of the princeling party, who is currently sniffing his nose in a notorious Chinese senior party member prison. As the leader of the “weak”, US President Barack Obama leads a country that is inevitably going into decline, which opens up unprecedented opportunities for China. Xi Jinping also hopes to achieve certain milestones: 2021 is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, and 2049 is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. When Xi Jinping reaches these milestones, he wants to do something big to consolidate his historical position. Therefore, in his view, the era of hidden strength and bidding time is over. He wants to show the world a new set of policies, actions and attitudes that match China’s strong position. Xi Jinping has achieved success. Internally, he ruthlessly suppressed religious believers, political dissidents, party members and business elites. He also established a large-scale surveillance nation to turn the dystopian dream night imagined by George Orwell in 1984 into reality. Internationally, he has demonstrated a strong will to enterprises and countries of all sizes through his iconic project “One Belt One Road”. Xi Jinping’s view is that the more other countries rely on China economically, the more he can rule China peacefully without the use of force. A commentator observed that Xi Jinping “clenched his fists. At home, he is trying hard to maintain his control. To the outside world, he is an unwavering force.” Xi Jinping’s fists include Western democracy. Many countries, including the country, believe that China is stronger than actual strength, and China’s global dominance is inevitable. Therefore, few people are willing to challenge China’s human rights violations at home and tough behavior abroad. However, even the most powerful emperor may be too close to the sun. The voice of dissent within China is getting louder, and the global strong opposition to China has reached a new height in 2019. Then the outbreak of the coronavirus in 2020 deprived Xi Jinping of the appearance of a powerful image, revealed the profound flaws in the CCP’s dictatorship political system, and caused great anger and frustration among the Chinese. The people have severely damaged China’s prestigious international image and brought China’s seemingly unstoppable rise to a halt. As the famous Hong Kong entrepreneur Jimmy Lai wrote: “The more Xi Jinping pursues an authoritarian agenda, the more distrust he will sow at home and abroad. His policies have not made Beijing a world-leading super A big country, on the contrary, prevents China from occupying its due honorary position in a peaceful, modern and integrated world.” Xi Jinping misunderstood the situation and exaggerated his own hands. His aggressive policies at home and abroad are also counterproductive, which proves the saying. : The gods will destroy the people, they will go crazy first.