It can also cause blurred or double vision, eye pain, hearing problems, tinnitus, cramps, seizures and other symptoms. In severe cases, it can be debilitating.
Often a leak heals alone with bed rest, increased fluids, and caffeine. But other cases like Jackson require corrective intervention.
Although CSF leakages were first documented in the 1930s, they are often misdiagnosed today – especially as migraines, sinusitis or, as with Jackson, allergies.
After investigating Jackson, Barnes says the clinic collected and analyzed her nasal fluids to confirm the diagnosis. A follow-up CT scan revealed a tiny hole in the potato-chip-thin layer of her skull – probably caused or aggravated by the accident, Barnes says, letting the fluid drip down her nose and mouth
To treat it , Barnes and another surgeon at Nebraska Medicine have performed an operation to cram the hole in Jackson's skull on April 23, using tissues from the nose and abdomen.
"I went in through her nose, found the hole … and then I borrowed a small amount of belly fat and used it to create a greasy stain to seal the leak, and I put a piece of skin over it [from the] Feed into her nose just to seal it, "she says.
Three weeks later Jackson is healed and has no more chronic drops.
"She's fine," says Barnes. "She still has a slight headache, but she's relieved not to have drainage anymore."
Barnes says she did not expect Jackson's case to grab the media's attention.
"It's a little surprising," she says. "But from my point of view [the case shows]over the years, much has changed in the treatment of leaks, which is so exciting from a medical point of view, we are able to treat them with a minimally invasive procedure not true 10, 15 years ago. "