The British government said on Friday that the UK will install the world’s largest network of underwater wildlife monitoring systems in ten overseas regions in the next few months to measure the effectiveness of its marine conservation efforts.
The network of cameras on carbon fiber rods will monitor more than 4 million square kilometers of ocean, which is the largest work done by any government. The Office of Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth and Development of the United Kingdom said the project will cost 2 million pounds (about 3 million U.S. dollars) over a four-year period.
Jessica Meeuwig, Professor of Marine Science at the University of Western Australia and co-founder of Blue Abacus, a marine fish monitoring company, said: “In fact, every breath we take comes from the ocean. They are the largest habitat on earth. Land.” The company will train personnel locally to collect marine data. “But we don̵
The project aims to bridge the knowledge gap by collecting unprecedented information about what is happening in parts of the ocean away from the coast, where it was previously difficult to monitor and record the number and density of wildlife populations. It will be carried out around British overseas territories including the Cayman Islands, St. Helena and Anguilla.
The camera network is based on a 30-30 global initiative, in which countries around the world including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada have pledged to protect at least 30% of the world’s oceans by 2030. The project established marine parks and other special marine areas where people are not allowed to fish-an attempt to increase the population of marine wildlife.
“This is really exciting. We will start or continue to build large marine parks to stop and reverse the decline of many species that live in the largest places on the planet,” Meeuwig said. “But how do we count them?”
The project will use the Bait Remote Underwater Video System (BRUVS) first adopted by Meedwig’s Australian team of scientists to capture and photograph wild marine life populations far away from the coast of the territory.
The BRUVS system suspends multiple cameras mounted on carbon fiber frames 10 meters underwater in the deep sea area. The team can collect up to 100 samples within 7 to 10 days in a certain area of the sea to take a snapshot of the status of fish and wildlife populations at a specific point in time.
Over time, the research team can compare the size and number of wild animals and plants collected from different samples to determine if efforts are being made to increase fish and marine animal populations (such as 30 by 30).
The project is supported by the British government, which wants to know whether its marine conservation work is getting results, or whether it needs more investment in the protection of marine wildlife.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a statement: “These cameras and other cutting-edge technologies are critical to our response to climate change.” “Our marine experts are in a position to protect our oceans and the countless species that live in them. Leading position in the world.”
The BRUVS designed by the Meeuwig team is also an innovative technology that can be invested by the government. Compared with sending a team of experts to collect data at sea, scientists can easily train residents of the area to use the system.
Meeuwig said: “This is an amazing thing-you don’t have to be a highly skilled electrical expert or someone who uses our equipment.” “What we want is the local ability to determine what questions they want to answer, and then go out and ask them.”
This is particularly important because the protection of the UK is particularly important for the local and coastal economies of its overseas territories.
“We don’t have a healthy blue economy. If the ocean goes downhill, our oceans will not be able to provide us with financial support, right? So we need to ensure that every jurisdiction in the world has evidence that they need to act wisely. The decision regarding its coastal economy, Meeuwig said.
Meeuwig said she hopes that the UK’s recognition of her technology will push governments in other countries around the world, such as the governments of the United States and Canada, to make similar investments.
Meeuwig said: “From the time I got my first diving ticket when I was 15 years old, I had watched the ocean descend in front of my eyes.” “So we must do better.
She said: “We have made some progress on coral reefs, where people can snorkel and dive.” “But what do we do with the other 70% of the blue on earth?”