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The U.S. reports that the war in Ethiopia has led to ethnic cleansing in the Tigray region



According to a confidential US government report obtained by the New York Times, Ethiopian officials and Allied militias are conducting a systematic ethnic cleansing campaign in the war-torn area of ​​Tigray in northern Ethiopia.

The report, written earlier this month, recorded a piece of land plundered houses and deserted villages with clear wording, and thousands of people were unaccounted for.

According to the report, fighters and officials from the Amhara region of Ethiopia’s neighboring country entered Tigray in support of Prime Minister Abi Ahmed. The descendants tend to be homogeneous”

;.

The report said: “The entire village has been severely damaged or completely wiped out.”

Amnesty International said in a second report published on Friday that soldiers from Eritrea systematically killed hundreds of Tigrayan civilians in the ancient city of Axum within 10 days of November and shot them on the street. Some of them.

The situation in Tigri is getting worse. The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize winner Abiy launched a surprising military offensive in November, and the situation is becoming the first major test of the Biden administration in Africa. Former President Donald J. Trump paid little attention to the continent and never visited the continent, but President Joseph R. Biden (Joseph R.

Biden raised the Tigri crisis during a call with Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta on Thursday. The two leaders discussed “the growing humanitarian and human rights crisis in the Tigri region of Ethiopia, and the need to prevent further deaths and ensure humanitarian access,” the White House said in a statement.

But so far, Mr. Biden and other U.S. officials have been reluctant to publicly criticize Mr. Abby’s war behavior, while European leaders and UN officials have increasingly bluntly criticized reports of atrocities.

European Union diplomatic envoy, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto (Pekka Haavisto) told reporters after a fact-finding visit to Ethiopia and Sudan that the situation in Tigri was “very out of control”. At the beginning of the conflict, the EU suspended US$110 million in aid to Ethiopia. Last month, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell warned about possible war crimes committed by Tigray, saying that the crisis “has turmoil the entire region”.

Ethiopia usually uses its enemies in Tigre to refute criticisms of its Tigray campaign. But on Friday afternoon, Amnesty International’s office responded to the Amnesty International report and expressed its readiness to cooperate in the international investigation of the atrocities in Tigray. The government said in a statement: “The government reaffirms its commitment to building a stable and peaceful region.”

Mr. Abi’s office also claimed that Ethiopia had “freely” entered Tigray’s international aid groups, while UN officials estimated that due to government restrictions, aid groups could only reach 20% of the area.

The State Department said that the new U.S. Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken spoke with Ahmed on the phone on February 4 and urged him to allow humanitarians to enter Tigray.

Alex DeVal, an expert on the Horn of Africa at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, said that it is time for the United States to pay urgent attention to the crisis in Tigray before more atrocities and humanitarian crises erupt. Towards famine.

He said: “What is needed is the highest level of political leadership, which means the United States.”

DeWal said that when the United States assumed the presidency of the UN Security Council in March, it should use this position to exert international pressure on the belligerents to withdraw from a devastating conflict.

After months of tension with the region’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, Abiy launched the Tigray campaign on November 4, which has ruled Ethiopia for nearly three decades. Until Abiy came to power in 2018.

However, many of the worst abuses in the war were not attributed to the Ethiopian Army or TPLF (its armed branch is now called the Tigri Defence Force), but to the irregular and undeclared assembly following Mr. Abi’s military operations Of troops.

Within weeks of the beginning of the conflict, the first soldiers from Eritrea (Ethiopia was Ethiopia’s painful adversary until the two countries reached a peace agreement in 2018) quietly entered Tigri to assist Mr. Abi’s over-stressed federal forces .

In Tigray in the west, ethnic fighters from Amhara (a long-term hostile relationship with Tigray) flooded in and quickly helped Mr. Abbey to occupy the area.

Experts say that it is now Eritreans and Amharic fighters facing the most serious charges, including rape, plunder and massacre, which may constitute war crimes.

The US government’s report on the situation in the western region of Tigray, which is currently mainly controlled by the Amharic militia, vividly documented that this was an obvious movement aimed at expelling the Tigrayan tribe from the war.

The report documents how the Tiglayan people were attacked in several towns and their houses were looted and burnt down. Some people fled into the bushes. The report stated that others illegally crossed the border into Sudan, and some were rounded up and forced to move to other areas of Tigray.

In contrast, the report stated that Oman Hara’s most populous town is booming, with shops, bars and restaurants.

Since the outbreak of the Tigri crisis, the US report is not the first allegation of ethnic cleansing. But it does highlight how American officials quietly record these abuses and report them to their superiors in Washington.

The imminent specter of massive hunger is also driving people’s sense of urgency for Tigri. The Tigri Emergency Coordination Center managed by the Ethiopian Federal Government stated that at least 4.5 million people in the region urgently need food assistance. Ethiopian officials said some people have died.

The Times obtained a document from the Tigray State Government on February 2. The document stated that 21 people died of starvation in the Glomokda Tigray region in the eastern east. Aid officials warned that such numbers may be just the tip of the iceberg.

The president of the Ethiopian Red Cross, Abera Tola, told reporters at the beginning of this month: “Today may be one, two or three, but in one month it means tens of thousands.” “Two months from now. It will reach tens of thousands.”

However, the political anger against Tigri, especially among European legislators, has been aggravated by increasing reports of human rights violations.

A report issued by Amnesty International on Friday stated that Eritrean soldiers conducted house-to-house searches in Axum in November, shooting civilians in the streets, and carrying out extrajudicial executions of men and boys. The report stated that after the shooting ceased, residents who tried to remove their bodies from the street were expelled.

Amnesty International says the massacre may be a crime against humanity. Eritrean Information Minister Yemane G. Meskel rejected the report, saying it was “obviously unprofessional”.

Axum is an ancient city of ruins and churches, which is of great significance to people who believe in the Ethiopian Orthodox faith. When Eritrean soldiers let go and allowed the collection of bodies, hundreds of people gathered in churches, including St. Mary’s Church in Zion, and many Ethiopians believed that the church’s ark-reportedly holding a stele with ten statues. Commandments-to be placed.

Simon Marks contributed a report in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


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