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The scientific recommendations of the American Dietary Guidelines to reduce sugar and alcohol



The federal government rejected the advice of its scientific advisers and issued new dietary recommendations that sounded like familiar nutritional restrictions, advising Americans to “do everything possible,” while rejecting expert advice to drastically reduce the consumption of sugar and alcoholic beverages.

The “American Dietary Guidelines” are updated every five years. The latest version will arrive on Tuesday, October 2. This is a pandemic and poses a historic threat to the health of Americans. Even at home, even people who avoid the coronavirus drink more and gain weight. This phenomenon is often referred to as “quarantine zone 1

5.”

Dietary guidelines affect American eating habits, food stamp policies and school lunch menus, and indirectly affect the way food manufacturers formulate products.

But critics say that the latest guidelines have not addressed the current pandemic, nor have they reached a new scientific consensus on the need to adopt diets that reduce dietary insecurity and chronic diseases. The proposal does not mention climate change, and the proposal does not address the sustainability or greenhouse gas emissions issues closely related to modern food production.

Last summer, the Scientific Advisory Committee issued a report recommending that the guidelines encourage Americans to drastically reduce the consumption of sugar added to beverages and food from the current recommended 10% to 6% of daily calories.

The expert group pointed out that in the United States, the high incidence of overweight and obesity is related to serious chronic health conditions such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. These conditions also increase the risk of severe Covid-19 disease.

The committee also called for the restriction of men’s daily alcohol consumption to once a day, clearly stating that an increase in alcohol consumption would increase the risk of death on average compared to drinking less alcohol. But the current recommendation is still to drink one cup a day for women and two cups a day for men.

Officials from the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Health and Human Services have rejected the upper limit on sugar and alcohol.

The guidelines may be confusing, saying: “A lot of evidence supports the restriction of the intake of added sugars and alcoholic beverages to promote health and prevent diseases; however, the evidence reviewed since 2015-2020 cannot yet confirm the quantitative Variety.”

The new guidelines are indeed the first to say that children under the age of 2 should avoid any sugar found in many cereals and beverages.

The main sources of added sugar in the American diet are sweetened beverages-including soda, and sweetened coffee and tea-desserts, snacks, sweets, and cereal breakfasts and bar breakfasts. Most Americans even exceed the 10% benchmark. Sugar accounts for an average of 13% of daily calories.

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Critics are disappointed that federal agencies ignored the recommendations of the scientific advisory committee. Marion Nestle, Professor Emeritus of Nutrition and Food Studies at New York University, said: “The whole thing shocked me.” He has written several books on government dietary guidelines.

She said: “Despite repeated claims that the guidelines are based on science, the Trump agency ignored the recommendations of the scientific committee they appointed and instead restored the previous guidelines.”

The composition of the Dietary Advisory Committee was controversial earlier this year because many experts have ties to the beef and dairy industry. Dr. Nestlé said, however, that the scientists’ recommendations go further than previous committees, especially on recommendations to limit sugar and alcohol.

Dr. Nestlé said: “These are big changes. When the report was published last summer, these changes attracted everyone’s attention. There are good reasons for this, but they were ignored in the final report.”

She added: “The report is based on the introduction of science. They used the word science many times and made important points about it.” “But they ignored the scientific committee they appointed. I think this is shocking.”

In other respects, the new guidelines are consistent with previously issued federal recommendations. Encourage Americans to eat more healthy foods, such as vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, nuts, seafood, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, and lean meat and poultry.

The guidelines urge the country to reduce sugar, saturated fat, sodium and alcohol intake, and limit calorie intake.

For the first time, the guide adopts a “full life program”, trying to provide a wide range of recommendations for pregnant women and breastfeeding adults and children under 2 years of age.

One of the recommendations for pregnant women, women about to become pregnant, and breastfeeding women is to eat a lot of seafood and fish that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids but low in methylmercury, which may have harmful effects on the developing fetus. This diet is associated with healthier pregnancy and better cognitive development in children.

The new guidelines emphasize the health benefits of breastfeeding, which are related to reducing the risk of obesity, type 1 diabetes and childhood asthma. Foods that may cause allergies such as eggs and peanuts should be introduced in the first year of life (after four months of age) to reduce the risk of allergies.


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