This is a move full of symbols of patriotism: Tereshkova was a former astronaut and the first woman to fly in space. It was inextricably linked to the era of Soviet achievement.
However, not only is the semester limit reset, there are more risks. The vote has also become a referendum around Putin̵
Russia in 2020 is not a dictatorship in the classic sense: Putin relies on regular elections as a means of referendum to legitimize his rule. To be sure, Russia’s political system lacks checks and balances: parliament is crowded with so-called “pocket” (ie powerless) opposition parties of loyalists and Russians. The President has great freedom to hire and dismiss regional leaders; the courts obey executive power.
But Putin must obey the law: after all, he did leave Dmitry Medvedev’s office and continue to rule behind the scenes during four years of intergovernmental rule, and the new president changed the constitution.
Today’s approach is instructive: Medvedev proposed a series of constitutional reforms, increasing the presidency from four to six years, and allowing Putin to run again. However, after the 2011 parliamentary elections, widespread allegations of vote fraud led to a series of democratic protests that worried the Kremlin.
Some Russians started to use social media to show their preferences and posted NYET (No) on their profiles. Residents of Moscow and other big cities posted anti-Putin stickers next to pro-correction posters. Others noticed a strange fact: a copy of the constitution was recently sold in a bookstore, which already contains amendments, and it has been widely commented on social media. This suggests to many Russians that the problem has been solved.
On Monday, the state-run polling agency VTsIOM announced the early results of the withdrawal vote, suggesting that Putin will be approved by the amendment: Based on these results, about 76% of respondents from 800 polling stations in Russia said they supported the constitutional change.
There is no indication that the results will not satisfy the Kremlin, but the state agency has been working overtime to increase voter turnout to increase the legitimacy of controversial changes. The large-scale voting campaign launched by the authorities at all levels has a wide range of appeals: TV commercials are expected to bring huge social benefits, happy families on billboards vote in favor of “yes”, and recipes and crosswords are posted on the brochure. The brochure is posted at the entrance of the house. However, the official advertising campaign of the referendum did not emphasize that the constitution can consolidate Putin’s rule until he is 84 years old, and save him from prosecution when he retires.
The same goes for Putin’s own messaging. In a short video released on Tuesday, Putin appeared in front of the Soviet soldier’s new monument and urged the Russians to vote for “stability, security and prosperity”, he said that the new constitution means having good health care, education and “effective Future”. To the public. “He did not mention resetting the term limits.
Independent voting supervisors also questioned the widespread reporting of voting violations. Even before the voting began last week, independent media and non-governmental organizations posted many screenshots and audio messages, suggesting that employers of large companies and state-funded organizations took a mandatory vote.
“In the past few days, we have also seen a large number of votes filled, so it feels like at a certain stage, [the organizers] “The administrative resources for mobilizing controlled voters have been exhausted, they may vote slightly differently than expected, and they have adopted good old manipulations,” non-independent co-host Stanislav Andreychuk government organization Golos told CNN .
According to Andreychuk, the referendum is regulated less than the elections his organization previously supervised: the voting booths set up on park benches violate the confidentiality of the vote and usually do not implement the release of votes Station voting restrictions and unregulated campaigns-relying on promising apartment lotteries to attract voters to the station-pollute voters’ freedom to exercise their right to vote.
When questioned about rumored evidence of election violations, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov questioned reports shared by local media about setting up polling stations in car trunks or park benches.
He answered the question during a conference call with reporters: “There is a lot of interest in voting, but it is too early to draw conclusions, and so on, it has just begun.”
“in case This one [constitutional change] This will not happen for two years-I know from my own experience-instead of doing normal, stable work under various levels of power, everyone will start to look for possible successors,” he said. Work Instead of looking for a successor.”
Nevertheless, the referendum has the opportunity to cast a shadow over Putin’s potential re-election-in theory, his next term will be two terms.