New research published on Friday shows that the covid-19 pandemic that occurred last year has led to an alarming increase in the number of deaths in the United States. According to research, Half Add another million More people are dying than expected Expected in the last 10 In the months of 2020, most of these deaths are directly attributable to viral diseases, but some may represent delays in health care and other indirect consequences of the pandemic.
From the beginning, scientists and public health agencies have been tracking Excessive death-The total number of reported deaths is higher than the average in recent years-is a more accurate way to understand the impact of the pandemic. Although countries have done a better job in identifying covid-19 cases and related deaths over time, our official death toll still underestimates the damage caused. In the United States, research has consistently shown that there is a huge gap between the number of excess deaths and those officially related to covid-19.
Covid-19 may be available in the United States as early as the second half of 2019, but the first peak of illness and death will begin in March 2020. New research, Published On Friday at JAMA, led by researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University, analyzed mortality data from the United States March 1, 2020 to January 1, 2021.
In the past few months, the research team estimated that compared with the past five years, the number of deaths in the country has increased by 522,368. Although it is true that the number of deaths will rise slightly from year to year (partly due to population growth), this usually only leads to a sharp increase in deaths of more than 1% to 2% each year. The authors found that by 2020, the number of excessive deaths during this period has surged by 22.9%.
The author writes: “The all-cause mortality reported here has increased by 22.9%, far exceeding the annual growth rate observed in recent years.”
Just this week, data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Consolidation That covid-19 is the third Last year was the leading cause of death in the United States, and officials attributed it to nearly 350,000 deaths. In this study, the researchers calculated a similar number of direct deaths (378,039 deaths) from covid-19, accounting for about 72% of the excess deaths they found.
Most of the remaining 28% may be hidden deaths caused by pandemics Or death caused by a cause exacerbated by the possession of covid-19. It is suspected that this infection increases the risk of life-threatening health problems (such as heart attack and stroke) and the risk of death from chronic diseases such as diabetes and dementia. But some uncountable deaths may also be the result of the indirect impact of the pandemic, which affects people who have never been infected with the virus.For example, there is evidence that you go to the emergency room or hospital Refused Last year, especially at the height of the pandemic.
Researchers say that although no country can completely avoid the epidemic, the United States and local states may have done a better job in preventing a large number of such deaths.
They wrote: “The death toll in the eastern region surged in April, and the subsequent high tides in the summer and early winter were concentrated in the southern and western states, respectively.” “Many of these states accepted or discouraged epidemic control earlier than others. Measures and lifted restrictions.”
Other data show that there were more than 3.1 million deaths in the United States as a whole last year. A substantial increase This has not been seen since 1918, when it was World War I and the deadliest pandemic in history.