Obama reluctantly assumed the presidency, “winning with his extraordinary efforts to strengthen cooperation between international diplomacy and people.” But given that he has not yet achieved any major results for the cause of world peace, many critics, some supporters and even Obama himself have questioned this choice. “For what?” He recalled asking in his autobiography after learning that he was selected.
Some commentators said that the Nobel Committee made an “ambitious choice” because Obama wanted to end the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, which made Obama hopeful of building a more peaceful world. But President Obama authorized the US military to increase troops to Afghanistan and presided over the large-scale expansion of the drone strike program. It will be several years before most US troops stationed in Iraq.
Jin Dazhong (2000)
Mr. Kim Jong Il became president for his escape from dissidents, exiles and death penalty prisoners in the era of Korean autocracy. He was awarded for his work in “promoting democracy and human rights in Korea and throughout East Asia, and promoting peace.” Especially reconciliation with North Korea. He went to North Korea for a groundbreaking visit, where he met with his opponent Kim Jong Il, which promoted the thaw of relations between the two countries and supported the ultimate goal of reunification.
However, the two countries are still in a state of technological war. Under the leadership of Kim Jong Il’s son and successor Kim Jong Un, North Korea has developed an arsenal of nuclear weapons and missiles. In some respects, although Kim Jong-un has met with South Korean President Moon Jae-in and President Trump in the past few years, the prospects for peace between the two countries seem more distant.
Yasir Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin, 1994
The chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the two Israeli politicians have received “their efforts to establish peace in the Middle East” for signing the so-called “Oslo Agreement” aimed at achieving Palestine-Israel reconciliation, and are therefore jointly recognized.
The then prime minister, Mr. Rabin, was assassinated by Israeli fanatics who opposed the peace agreement in 1995. Since then, efforts to resolve conflicts have repeatedly faltered, interrupted by violent conflicts and painful condemnation. In recent years, suspicion about the proposed two-state solution has only increased due to Israel’s threat to annex the occupied West Bank territories.