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Home / World / The Korean War started this week 70 years ago. You may not know these six things about conflicts

The Korean War started this week 70 years ago. You may not know these six things about conflicts



Sixteen countries, including the United States, sent combat troops to assist South Korea under the command of the United Nations Army. The Chinese army intervened in North Korea.

The war broke out on June 25, 1950, when North Korean troops stormed the 38th parallel line dividing North Korea and South Korea. The armistice agreement signed on July 27, 1953 ended the conflict, but because there was no peace treaty, the war never officially ended.

Since then, these efforts have collapsed. US President Donald Trump tried to officially end the conflict and let North Korea abandon the nuclear weapons program that may threaten the United States. These efforts have also collapsed.
Trump has held three meetings with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and last year became the first current leader of the United States to step into a communist country.

Although the twists and turns of today’s US-DPRK relations have become the focus of the problems left over from the Korean War, it is still a conflict that has been widely ignored.

Regarding the Korean War, you may not understand the following six things:

The US military once controlled one of the most secret cities on earth, Pyongyang

It is almost impossible for Americans to travel to North Korea or its capital. Without special permission from the US State Department, U.S. passport holders are not allowed to enter the office.

But within eight weeks of 1950, Pyongyang was under the control of the US military.

Soldiers of the 1st Cavalry Division of Pyongyang in 1950
According to the history of the US Army, on October 19 of the same year, the 1st Cavalry Division of the US Army and a division composed of South Korean soldiers occupied the North Korean capital.

According to history, the US military quickly returned home.

By October 22, the Eighth Army of the United States had established an advance headquarters in the headquarters building of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung.

During the fierce fighting on the streets of Pyongyang, the US Marines took cover behind the barricade. On the background wall are images of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and North Korean leader Kim Il Sung.

The photos at the time showed an American intelligence officer sitting on Kim Jong Il’s desk, with a portrait of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin hanging on the wall behind him.

But the US occupation of Pyongyang is short-lived. When the Chinese troops participated in the war in late November 1950, they quickly moved southward and defeated the US troops from Pyongyang on December 5.

During World War II, the United States threw more bombs at North Korea than the entire region

Most of the pictures of the Korean War are ground battles fought in North Korea’s Korea Reservoir and Incheon. However, most of the damage caused by the US military to North Korea was done in unremitting bombing operations.

In the three years of the Korean War, US aircraft dropped 635,000 tons of bombs on North Korea, including high explosiveness and high inflammability. According to data quoted by the historian Charles Armstrong in the Asia-Pacific Daily, this is more than the 500,000-ton bomb thrown by the entire United States in the Pacific during World War II.
The U.S. Air Force B-29 Super Fort dropped bombs during the Korean War.

Journalists, international observers, and American prisoners of war in North Korea during the war reported that almost every sturdy building was destroyed. By November 1950, North Korea had advised its citizens to dig holes for housing and housing.

North Korea did not keep the official casualty figures in the bombings, but the Cold War International History Project at the Wilson Center obtained information from the Russian Archives that the number had exceeded 280,000.

General Curtis LeMay, the father of the American strategic bombing and the fire that destroyed the Japanese city in World War II, said of the US bombing of North Korea:

“We went to fight there and eventually burned every town in North Korea anyway.”

Around 1950, an American soldier walked among the rubble in Xianxing, South Korea.

Armstrong said that the impact of the bombing of North Korea has continued to this day.

“The government of North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) has never forgotten the lessons of North Korea’s vulnerability to American air strikes, continued to strengthen air defenses after the armistice agreement, built underground facilities and eventually developed nuclear weapons to ensure North Korea’s armistice for half a century. Will not be in this position.” Armstrong wrote.

North Korea persuaded the Soviet Union and Stalin to let the war happen

After the end of World War II, control of the Korean peninsula (occupied by defeated Japanese troops) was divided between the Soviet Union in the north and the United States in the south.

Records from the Wilson Center show that North Korean leader Kim Il Sung wanted to unify the two countries under the Communist Party and sought the military permission of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.
The portrait of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was preparing for a parade in Pyongyang in July 1947.

When Kim Jong Il first filed an invasion request in March 1949, Stalin remained vigilant and did not want to clash with the United States, which still has an occupation force in South Korea.

But when these troops withdrew in the summer of 1949, Stalin’s opposition softened, and by April 1950, Soviet leaders were ready to hear Kim Jong Il’s voice again when the North Korean leader visited Moscow.

Stalin told Kim Jong Il that the Soviet Union would support the invasion, but only if Kim Jong Il must also be approved by the Communist Party of China.

Encouraged by the victory of Communist China in defeating the Kuomintang army in 1949-during a civil war in which Washington did not intervene-Chinese leader Mao Zedong agreed and expressed his willingness to provide backup force for the North Korean army when the United States finally intervened.

In this way, Jin can invade.

The Korean War saved Taiwan from potential communism takeover

In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party gathered troops in the coastal area to invade Taiwan. During the Chinese Civil War, Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang army fled Taiwan after losing to Mao Zedong and the Communist Party.

However, the outbreak of the Korean War created a great obstacle to the Chinese communist plan (US Navy). Fearing the spread of the Korean War in East Asia, President Harry Truman sent US warships to the waters between China and Taiwan.

The U.S. State Department told Taiwan how close it is to an autonomous government that is still part of China in Beijing.

“In late 1949 and early 1950, American officials prepared the People’s Republic of China (People’s Republic of China) troops to cross the strait and defeat Chiang Kai-shek, but after the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, the United States sent the Seventh Fleet into the Taiwan Strait to prevent North Korea The conflict has spread southwards,” said the ministry’s historian’s office.

The article said: “The emergence of the Seventh Fleet angered the Chinese Communists, and they transferred the troops preparing to invade Taiwan to the front line of North Korea.”

According to the Brookings Institution, by October 19, 1950, a total of 12 divisions of Chinese troops were in North Korea, with more than 250,000 people.

These Chinese troops will cause terrible losses to the American and South Korean troops they face, and eventually drive them out of North Korea completely.

But China also suffered huge losses. More than 180,000 people were killed.

The first jet VS jet scuffle

F-80 Meteor Korean War Period Fighter at the National Museum of the US Air Force

In the Second World War, jet fighters joined the German Messerschmidt 262 and began military service. However, until the Korean War, jet fighters did not engage in “top shootout” melee.

The records seem to agree to the first engagement on November 8, 1950 in Sinuiju, North Korea, and its border with China, near the Yalu River in North Korea. The Americans were flying on the F-80 Shooting Star aircraft and encountered the MiG-15. The Soviet-made aircraft might be piloted by a Soviet pilot from a Chinese base.

According to a report by a historian of the 51st Fighter Wing of the US Air Force, 8 to 12 MiGs appeared after the United States carried out four F-80 flights that day. In a 60-second encounter with one of the MIGs, Lieutenant Russell Brown of Air Force One hit the MiG-15 with a cannon of a jet gun and saw it explode in flames, becoming the first fighter to be hit in a melee Pilot, the report said.
But others have disputed this claim. A report from the US Naval Institute (USNI) said that Soviet records showed that no MiG was missing that day.

To be sure, the next day, on November 9, 1950, the US Rear Admiral Cmdr. William Amen flew an F9F fighter on a Philippine aircraft carrier and shot down the MiG-15 during an air strike on the bridge over the Yalu River.

According to the USNI report, Soviet records confirmed the MiG-15 loss that day.

In 1950, four F-80 jet fighters took off from a Japanese base and flew from the North Korean base to the North Korean Communist Corps at a height of 30,000 feet.

Later in the war, the United States introduced F-86 aircraft to the Korean conflict. That plane won a reputation in the battle against MiG 15 in the so-called “MiG Alley”. The MiG Hutong is a border area between China and North Korea, and Soviet pilots flew from the Chinese base.

The National Museum of the US Air Force explained MiG Avery in this way in Ohio:

“A large number of MiG aircraft will wait on the Manchu side of the border. When UN aircraft enter MiG Lane, these MiG aircraft will dive down from high altitude to attack. If the MiG aircraft is in trouble, they will try to escape (in order to prevent In the wider war, United Nations pilots were ordered not to attack Manchurian targets.) Even with this advantage, Communist pilots were still unable to compete with the higher-scoring U.S. Air Force saber pilots. The kill rate against MiG was about 8:1 .”

America never declared war

During the battle on the Korean peninsula from 1950 to 1953, although millions of people were killed, technically, this was the so-called “police operation” casualties.

According to the US Constitution, only the US Congress can declare war on another country. But it has not done so since the Second World War.

When North Korea invaded the South in 1950, US President Harry Truman sent US troops to intervene as part of a joint effort approved by the UN Security Council.

A passage from the US National Archives said: “15 other countries have also sent troops under the command of the United Nations. Truman did not seek a formal declaration of war by Congress; the US presence in North Korea was only a “police operation.”
1952: During the Korean War, American soldiers dug something on a hill in South Korea
Since then, these police actions have become the norm for US military intervention. According to the U.S. House of Representatives website, the Vietnam War, the Iraq War, the Afghanistan War, and the Kosovo War all brought the US military into battle with the approval of Congress to use military power (AUMF).

The website of the US House of Representatives says that although the Allied forces have existed since the founding of the Republic, “after the Second World War… Allied forces have expanded in size, often granting the President full power to engage with the United States in military contacts around the world.”

Mary Dudziak, a law professor at Emory University, wrote in the comment column of the 2019 Washington Post: “This war is the first large-scale overseas conflict in the United States without war declarations. The unilateral presidential power exercised today sets a precedent.”

Duziyak wrote: “The Korean War helped achieve the permanent war of this century.”


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