قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Business / The highway that destroyed the black community is collapsing.Some people want to withdraw the inheritance

The highway that destroyed the black community is collapsing.Some people want to withdraw the inheritance



Camara said her parents moved to a residence in Allendale near Shreveport when she was young.but now Her current house is in danger of being pushed up, so the second highway (Interstate 49) can pass directly through the city.

The leaders of Shreveport, who want to replace their houses in Kamala with highways, are cherishing the beliefs of the Dwight Eisenhower era and firmly believe in the versatility of the interstate highway system. Even after urban highways became clear decades ago, people’s emotions are still lingering: pollution, noise, racial discrimination, Shift And crowded. For critics, Eisenhower’s highway is an important part of the heart of a healthy city.

Now, many urban highways are collapsing, and sudden traffic accidents have occurred in cities across the country, and they have been demolished. Ben Crowther, who leads the movement, said there are 30 local citizen-led campaigns to persuade officials to demolish highways. “Highway to boulevard”

; At the New Urbanism Conference, A think tank dedicated to the walkable urban environment. A Senate bill introduced last year called for spending $10 billion on the demolition of urban highways. Even Detroit, perhaps the most auto-dominated city in the United States, is considering demolishing a section of highway.

Crowther told CNN Business: “In the age of Covid, more than ever, people are rethinking how streets and surrounding infrastructure serve people living in cities.”

Activists believe that the highway demolition project has played a role in racial justice and has made certain modifications to families who were displaced decades ago (such as those in Kamala).

US Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg (Pete Buttigieg) gave a speech on the history of black communities being largely divided by highway projects and called for Correct these errors.

But experts say that replacing urban highways with boulevards does not guarantee racial justice and risks making the situation worse. Rising land values ​​may trigger gentrification, thereby destroying the colored communities that have suffered when the highway was first constructed.

“We not only need to think about getting us onto the boulevard, but we also need to provide a moment of restorative justice for the people who have suffered, as well as some opportunities for protection and prevention for those who are still there,” said Calvin Gladney CEO Smart Growth America, a community development organization.

Neighbourhood that used to be

A resident of Detroit, 87-year-old Kenneth Cox (Kenneth Cox) remembers hearing the young Aretha Franklin singing at her father’s Bethel Baptist Church Located near the black background. He recalled CNN Business. He often went to the nearby indoor ice rink and liked the vanilla ice cream from the chain drugstore Barthwell’s.

“This is a black business mecca,” Cox recalled with a black background. The Black Gust Hotel is a luxurious destination, attracting stars such as Louis Armstrong and the Duke of Ellington.

However, as the plan for the interstate highway system was released, the black background became its crosshairs.

No black Detroit historian Jamon Jordan (Jamon Jordan) said that the people of the Detroit City Council at that time. Jordan said that the city’s five-member housing committee had only one black member, and the black member soon resigned in protest.

In the 1960s, the black background was promoted to make way for Interstate 375.

Fast forward to today, Detroit and Michigan are planning to demolish Interstate 375 and convert it into a boulevard.But for many Detroit people, this project Already Nothing to do with past modifications.

PG Watkins (Black Bottom Archives), which records Detroit’s history, said that some residents welcome the relocation to make the neighborhood prosperous again, while others believe that the project is not the Black City of Detroit. (Black Detroit) proceed, but white residents may move in.

Watkins said: “A lot of people like,’We just need to be honest about why this is the case.”

Detroit City Councillor Mary Sheffield, representing the residential neighborhoods near I-375, described the project to CNN Business as an effort by planners to “attract a society that has not yet become a resident of the city. Class.”

Michigan State Senator Stephanie Chang surveyed the residents of most black communities near I-375 and found that most people did not want the highway to be demolished.

A spokesperson for the Michigan Department of Transportation, which is in charge of the project, told CNN that the project is not about gentrification, but about mobility.

Spokesperson Rob Morosi said: “This is a 60-year-old highway, outdated interchanges, outdated bridges and sidewalks, and find a way to consider the safety, operation and improved connectivity of all users. The right solution.”

He added that the department is cooperating with the Detroit city government, which has formulated plans and policies to address rising real estate values.

A spokesperson for Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan asked about any steps taken to ensure that the I-375 project would benefit nearby black residents who may be at risk of gentrification, which is not the case.

The mayor’s spokesperson, John Roach, said in an email: “The proposed 375 project does not involve the displacement of anyone. It involves the possible displacement of commuter highways due to ground roads.” “I don’t. Knowing that the inconvenience caused by commuters is a recognized form of gentrification.”

However, the Michigan Department of Transportation said that real estate prices and rents in residential areas close to I-375 may rise, indicating that the project may trigger gentrification. The spokesperson did not respond to a request for comment from the relevant department’s investigation results.

Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg heard it at a confirmation hearing earlier this year.  (Photo courtesy of Stephanie Reynolds/Getty Images)

Gentrification seems to be Buttigieg’s business, but how he resolves it is unclear.

In a statement to CNN Business, Buttigieg said: “There is a legacy of erroneous investment, while federal transportation policy missed opportunities and exacerbated racial and economic inequalities.” “We must pay attention to ongoing projects. These errors will not be repeated in .”

Buttigieg declined to elaborate on the specific steps he recommends to prevent further damage to communities that have already been negatively affected by the road.

He will not say whether he will intervene and stop the I-49 project in Shreveport, which is awaiting approval from the federal government. But he said that a case-by-case evaluation of the projects in the pipeline is being conducted to determine whether the department can intervene to address the community’s concerns.

The Detroit historian Jordan found that when he gave a lecture tour, few people knew the history of black businesses and institutions in Detroit. He said that he had heard people say that “black people have messed up this city.” He believed that the city was great when Henry Ford was in Detroit, and everything was good until the blacks took over the city.

he Call on the government to engage with black businesses that were destroyed when the neighborhood was destroyed More than 60 years ago, so they can Among the beneficiaries of reconstruction.Jordan added that historical markers and Community centers should be established in new communities to educate people about the “black background”.

Jordan said: “There must be some understanding of what happened.” “This story must attract attention.”


Source link