Since the race to develop a coronavirus vaccine started last spring, ominous polls have been issuing encouraging statements: no matter how encouraging the news, more and more people say they will refuse to shoot.
Many people warn that the time frame is dangerously accelerated. Others say the vaccine is a scam by Big Pharma. Many Democrats blamed the Trump administration’s political strategy. The Internet is full of doomsday predictions from long-term vaccine opponents, who see the new vaccine as the epitome of every concern they have raised.
But in the past few weeks, as the vaccine changed from a hypothesis to a reality, something happened. The new survey shows that attitudes have changed, and now it is clear that most Americans are eager to be vaccinated.
Resistance to vaccines will certainly not disappear. Misinformation and dire warnings are gathering power across social media. At a meeting on December 20, members of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s advisory team pointed out that there are sufficient signs that the elimination and acceptance of vaccines is growing, so they cannot predict whether the public will swallow the limited supply or pass.
But the improvement in attitude is amazing. Another Kaiser poll this month also reflects a similar shift in another pandemic. The survey found that nearly 75% of Americans now wear masks when they leave home.
This change reflects recent events: the decoupling of vaccines from the election day; clinical trial results show that vaccines produced by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna have approximately 95% efficacy and relatively moderate side effects; and new coronavirus infections And an astonishing increase in death.
“It’s my turn to get the vaccine. I will be in the front and center! I am very excited and hopeful.” said Joanne Barnes, a 68-year-old teacher at Fairbanks Elementary School in Alaska. She said last year Summer told the New York Times that she would not accept it.
What changed her mind?
She said: “The Biden administration has listened to science again and learned excellent statistics related to vaccines.”
Public opinion experts say that the moderate temptation of vaccines cannot be underestimated as the driving force of desire, a bit like the indispensable fanaticism produced by limited-edition Christmas gifts.
This sentiment can also be seen in the variability of certain skepticism. Politically, it is not just about the vaccine itself, but also arousing concern about who will get the vaccine first – which rich and famous, demographic group or industry?
However, the grim reality of this epidemic (200,000 new cases per day and 3,000 deaths per day) and the vacancy during this holiday may be one of the biggest factors.
Rupali J. Limaye, an expert in vaccine behavior at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University, said: “More people are infected or infected by Covid.” “They know someone who has a serious illness or died.”
Dr. Limayer concluded: “They are tired and want to return to their normal lives.”
Public opinion experts said that a large number of media reports are good, including leading scientists and politicians who received great attention when they were assassinated, and the joy of the surrounding local medical staff (they were the first to be vaccinated), which intensified People’s excitement.
There are still significant differences between demographic groups. The gap between men and women has become apparent, and women are more hesitant. Blacks are still the most skeptical ethnic group, although their acceptance has increased: in September, a Pew Research poll showed that only 32% of blacks are willing to get the vaccine, and the latest Opinion polls show that this proportion has risen to 42%. Although all politically persuasive people are satisfied with this vaccine, Republicans are more skeptical of this vaccine than Democrats.
The connection between vaccine attitudes and political background worries many behavioral experts, who worry that vaccine intake will be linked to partisan views, thus hindering the realization of widespread immunization.
Matthew P. Motta, a political scientist at Oklahoma State University, said: “We have seen the willingness of Democrats and Republicans to be vaccinated to grow.” He added: “But this is twice the rate of Democrats. “After President Trump swore that the election day will arrive, he has been injecting this vaccine.
He said a clearer sign is that two-thirds of the public said they are at least confident that a certain coronavirus vaccine will be distributed in a fair manner, up from 52% in September.
The most obvious resistance forces include rural residents and people between 30 and 49 years old.
Timothy H. Callaghan, a scholar at the Southwest Rural Health Research Center in the School of Public Health at Texas A&M University, said that rural residents tend to be conservative and Republican, and these characteristics are also manifested in vaccine hesitation. They also include immigrants and temporary workers, many of whom do not have a college degree or even a high school diploma, so they may be even more dismissive of vaccine science.
Dr Callahan said: “They seem unlikely to wear masks, they are less likely to work from home, and they oppose evidence-based practices.”
Obstacles to their access to medical services in remote areas have also created resistance.In addition, due to inflexible agricultural needs, it takes hours of work to travel and recover from vaccine side effects He added that this makes the lens look even less attractive.
According to a Kaiser poll, about 30% of adults aged 30 to 49 are skeptical of the vaccine. Dr. Scott C. Ratzan conducted a New York vaccine survey at the Graduate School of Public Health at the City University of New York. The results were similar to the national polls. He pointed out that the team had not kept up with flu shots. They are far beyond the age range of conventional vaccines.
He said: “People at this age do not have a normal habit of vaccinating.”
Black people are still the most resistant to the coronavirus vaccine, which is largely due to the history of abused research on them by white doctors. But their willingness to consider is increasing. In the Kaiser poll, the percentage of black respondents who believed that the vaccine would be distributed fairly nearly doubled, from 32% to 62%.
Mike Brown is the owner of Black. He manages Shop Spa, a large barber shop with black and Latino customers in Hyattsville, Maryland. time.
That was then.
Mr. Brown said: “The news that the efficiency reached 95% was sold to me.” “The side effects sound like you got it after a night of drunkenness, and you got injured the next day. Well, I have a lot of these. Something, I can get rid of those masks.”
He said that despite this, many customers are still skeptical. He told them: “What are you skeptical about? You just need to investigate and follow the science! Because if you are just talking about things you wouldn’t do, then you will be part of the problem.”
He did see progress. He said: “A few people who are more willing not to take it are becoming quieter now.” “Seeding.”
Another group of people who are uncertain about taking vaccines are health-care workers, who generally have a high acceptance rate for established vaccines. In recent weeks, some hospital executives have stated that many of their employees are in a downturn. ProPublica reported that a hospital in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas had to provide a certain dose to other medical staff in the area because they had insufficient medical staff. The sheriff’s deputy lined up with the state senator.
But other hospitals say the time period during which staff use vaccines is becoming a hot commodity.
For several months, Tina Kleinfeldt, a surgical rehabilitation nurse at the Long Island Jewish Medical Center at Northwell Health Network Hospital, had absolutely no intention of obtaining a vaccine before scientific and side effects were confirmed.
Last week, she A rare vaccination period is provided randomly. Although envious of her colleague’s advice, she still refused.
Then, she began to think about all the Covid-19 patients she had ever cared for and the new patients she would inevitably encounter. She thought of her husband and three children. She thought: Well, I can always cancel the appointment at the last minute, right?
Then she realized that medication was still so rare that she might not have another chance soon. So she said yes. She became the first nurse to be shot dead in the unit.
After that, she felt sore muscles at the injection site. But she also felt elated, excited and relieved.
Ms. Kleinfeld said: “I feel like I have done a good thing for myself, my family, my patients, and the whole world.” “Now I hope everyone can get it. Isn’t that crazy?”