After the deadliest battle in decades, India and China are establishing a demilitarized zone on their Himalayan border, a move that has angered some members of Indian security agencies.
According to two Indian officials, at present, soldiers of the two countries will no longer patrol nine kilometers (six miles) on the north shore of Pangong Co. Pangong Co is a glacial lake with an altitude of about 1
This move follows the establishment of a similar demilitarized zone along the Galwan river at a distance of about 150 kilometers last year, where there are 20 Indian soldiers and at least Four Chinese troops were killed in brutal hand-to-hand combat.that Since the escalation on June 15, this is the first report of casualties in a disputed border area since 1975. China only admitted to death on February 19.
Officials said that although the withdrawal temporarily eased tensions, some members of Indian security agencies believe that the establishment of a demilitarized zone is beneficial to Beijing. They asked to discuss private conversations on the condition of anonymity. They said that China opposed India’s proposal that the two countries would patrol the area around the lake the next day, and expressed suspicion on the grounds that this would affect Beijing’s sovereignty.
Indian defense and security officials expressed their concerns to the government about the surrounding areas of Pangong Tso, but India chose to withdraw quickly. On February 10, the two countries started Soldiers, tanks and artillery repelled the rifle troops stationed around the lake for nearly 10 months.
China occupied India in the bloody summer of the Himalayas
The Indian Army, the Ministry of Defense and the Prime Minister’s Office did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China stated that the establishment of a demilitarized zone in the border area is “consisting of the media.” Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said in Beijing on Friday that the situation on the ground had “significantly eased” after the disengagement.
He said at the regular briefing: “The two sides should cherish this hard-won momentum, consolidate existing results, maintain the momentum of consultations, and further ease the situation.”
Sushant Singh, a senior researcher at the New Delhi-based Policy Research Center, said the mistrust between the two militaries could lead to further misunderstandings.
He said: “The buffer zone model is temporary and full of challenges.” “More importantly, if China (a larger military power) violates the agreement, India’s options will be limited.”
If the demilitarized zones ultimately maintain peace, they will become a model for how India and China handle borders that are almost as long as the border between the United States and Mexico. The nationalism triggered by the fighting has had an impact on the economy. The Modi government has banned hundreds of Chinese applications, slowed the approval of Chinese investment, and strengthened security ties with the United States, Japan and Australia.
Why the Chinese and Indian forces clashed in the Himalayas
Officials say that although the purpose of the demilitarized zone is to prevent the kind of conflict that broke out last summer, there are still competing claims between the two sides. Previous experiments on the establishment of a demilitarized zone on the border with China have shown that this is not a guarantee of peace.
In the 1950s, an 80-square-kilometer (31-square-mile) pasture along the southern tip of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Indian border state of Uttarakhand was first designated as an uninhabited land. Jayadeva Ranade, a member of the advisory board of the Indian National Security Council and head of the New Delhi-based China Analysis and Strategy Center, said that this has failed to prevent conflict in the region.
He said: “The Uttarakhand border is still a hot spot.” “Beijing has a poor track record of complying with the agreement.”
—With the assistance of Li Jing