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The British Nature Conservation Society detailed the link between colonialism and slavery



London-former prime minister Winston Churchill (Winston Churchill) country house, enthusiastic imperialist; a manor owned by a famous slave trader in northern England; 19th century historian Thomas Carlyle (Thomas Carlyle) in London Property, famous for its pro-slavery writings.

These are among the heritage managed by the National Trust, a well-respected conservation society. The organization pointed out in a report released on Tuesday that it is directly linked to slavery and colonialism. . The disclosure stated that this was to clarify the “complex stories behind the property and its owners, sometimes even “extremely uncomfortable”

; stories.

Dr. Tarnya Cooper, the director of curatorial and collections at the foundation, said in a statement: “This is part of taking care of our property in a historically responsible and academically sound manner. “This work helps us all understand what happened before; now and future generations.”

As European institutions reassess their links to slavery and colonialism, the publication of the report raises the question of what specific steps the organization can take after recognizing such links. In recent years, in Britain and France, there have been increasing calls for returning looted artworks to African countries, although the number of people returning is very small. Although British cities such as Liverpool and Bristol and French cities such as Bordeaux faced the slave trade past, other cities remained silent.

After the US police killed George Floyd in May, the international community liquidated institutionalized racism. The report stated that the organization commissioned the organization to take new urgent actions in September last year.

Although the review of property (one-third of the trust fund’s property) was welcomed by some and was a step in acknowledging how Britain established power, some historians criticized many figures, including Churchill, It is said that there are too few reports and it is too late.

Kehinde Andrews, a professor of black studies at Birmingham City University, said: “The National Trust has a responsibility to do this, and they should have done it long ago.”

National Trust Europe’s largest conservation charity, with 5.6 million members; more than 500 locations, including gardens, natural parks, coastline land and real estate; and employs 14,000 employees in the busiest months of the year-said it will Feedback on the report is collected throughout the fall, and the expert team will recommend future actions.

Of the properties mentioned in the report, 29 properties belonged to thousands across the country. After the British abolished slavery in some empires, the government received compensation for the loss of “slave property”, which was equivalent to four in the annual budget at that time. One part. In 1833.

The author writes: “This conclusion may not be surprising, because the practice of enslaving the African people was a fundamental part of the British economy in the late 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries.”

These include Hare Hill, 35 miles east of Liverpool, whose owner, the Hibbert family, were ardent defenders of slavery and received £100,000 (equivalent to several million pounds today) Compensation to compensate many estates in Jamaica.

The report also includes the home of the writer Rudyard Kipling because “the British Empire is the central theme and background of his literary creation,” the author wrote, while Churchill’s home was because he opposed Indian independence. It was also during his tenure as prime minister that famine killed 3 million people in Bengal, India in 1943.

Some historians criticized Churchill for including him in the report, claiming that it damaged the names of prominent figures.

Andrew Roberts, a famous biographer of the former prime minister, said: “Churchill has worked his life for the British Empire, but he opposed slavery.”

Roberts said: “Slavery cannot be distinguished from imperialism and colonialism. This is an unexpected evil. This is a mistake.”

However, Mr. Andrews of the Black School of Studies said that this argument is not valid. He said: “Britain has slave colonies.” “Colony and slavery are iterations of the same project.”

The report covers 115 pages and includes the results of academic research, and its authors say they will use this information to update the online fact sheet about the site. (The page about Hare Hill Estate mentioned many times that the owner profited from slavery.)

But Mr. Andrews expressed confidence, The company’s revenue in the past year was $870 million, and it should go further.

He said: “We can post slogans in these locations, but it is not enough to recognize slavery.” “If one third of the property they own is related to colonialism and slavery, then they should not turn to colonialism and slavery. Does the system pay compensation?”


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