The Swedish Aerospace Agency has cancelled a geoengineering experiment to determine whether blocking the sun with aerosols can reverse global warming. The project was funded by Bill Gates and caused strong opposition from environmental organizations.
The Stratospheric Control Perturbation Experiment, or SCoPEx, proposed by researchers at Harvard University, eventually plans to release calcium carbonate clouds (commonly called chalk dust) from the high-altitude balloon into the atmosphere to study its impact on sunlight reaching the earth. However, the project is too controversial. The Swedish Aerospace Corporation (SSC) said on Wednesday that the test flight scheduled for June will not continue.
“The scientific community is divided on geoengineering, including any related technical tests, such as the technical balloon test flight planned from Esrange this summer,”
SSC held a dialogue with leading experts in the field of geoengineering, other stakeholders and the SCoPEx Advisory Committee this spring. After these dialogues and an agreement with Harvard, SSC decided not to conduct the technical test flight scheduled for this summer.
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The June flight originally scheduled for the Arctic town of Kiruna only tested the balloon system to pave the way for research, but local activists have been opposed to this initiative.In a joint letter signed last month, the Sami Council, which advocates the indigenous Sami people in Sweden, and three environmental organizations warned that the SCoPEx experiment may “Disastrous consequences.”
Although the SCoPEx website says that the experiment will “No significant harm to people or the environment” The Sami Council conceptually opposed solar geoengineering and said that it would only release a small amount of particles into the air. “It is essentially an attempt to imitate a volcanic eruption by spraying dimming particles into the sky. The militant group also argued that SCoPEx may distract from the goal of reducing carbon emissions and lead to “The irreversible socio-political influence may harm the world’s necessary efforts to achieve a zero-carbon society.”
The experiment was supported by the Harvard University Solar Geoengineering Research Program, whose website lists billionaire climate martyr Bill Gates as his private donor, although he did not specify his contribution. According to the “Guardian” report, David Keith of Harvard University was previously the lead researcher of SCoPEx. He received at least $4.6 million from Gates for the Innovation Climate and Energy Research Fund (FICER). Founded in 2007, FICER also provides funding for solar geoengineering research.
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What was asked on TED in 2010 “emergency procedures” Gates believes that if everything else on the earth fails, humans can implement it to deal with climate change. “Insurance policy.”
“There are a series of studies on the so-called geoengineering. These technologies will delay the heating time, so that we can no longer buy 20 or 30 years to unite our actions. Now, this is just an insurance policy, and you hope you don’t have to do this. “ He said and added that the idea might be “Place it in your back pocket.”
Keith, a professor of applied physics at Harvard University’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, told Reuters that SSC’s decision to abandon the experiment was “frustration” But he pointed out that if troubles continue to occur in Europe, the project may be transferred to the United States. The researchers said that until then, they will continue to lobby SCoPEx in Sweden, hoping to arouse public interest and support.
According to a report released by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine last week, the test may cause concern in the United States. The report calls on the government to invest between US$100 million and US$200 million in solar geoengineering projects, including technologies to dim the sun, over the next five years.
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