The first commercial flight crew mission not only brought astronauts to International Space Station It also launched some unique scientific experiments for the crew to conduct research.
The Crew Dragon capsule carrying four astronauts will be launched from the Kennedy Space Center on Saturday night (Saturday) during SpaceX’s NASA Crew-1 mission, and You can watch the report in real time on Space.com or NASA TV. The crew members participating in the six-month flight were NASA astronauts Shannon Walker, Victor Glover and Mike Hopkins, and Japanese astronaut Soichi Noguchi (Soichi Noguchi).
Some experiments Crew 1
Live Update: SpaceX’s Crew-1 astronaut launches for NASA
Food Physiology: Floating for a few months will change the spacecraft’s immune system. Food physiology Therefore, the experiment will study how the orbiting astronaut’s diet changes or enhances their immune function, as well as the “microbiome” (microbial composition) of their gut. The overall goal of the experiment is to improve the health of the spaceflight diet and crew. This research is ongoing, and Crew-1 will bring the re-supplied hardware into space for more work. During the Crew-1 mission, Glover plans to collect biological samples of his bodies as experimental participants.
Genes in Space 7: This student experiment comes from Finsam Samson and Wang Yujie of Troy High School in Troy, Michigan. One of the winning works in the Space Gene Race For students in grades 7-12. The duo will study the changes in brain function during space flight to better help astronauts complete long-term missions to space stations, the moon and other deep space destinations.
SERFE and space suit: NASA is already considering the next lunar space suit, the Exploratory Maneuvering Outer Space Unit (xEMU). Unlike the NASA EMU currently used for outer space walks in the orbital laboratory, the new generation of space suits will use water evaporation to remove heat from the astronauts and maintain a safe temperature during the space walk. The key element of the system is the spacesuit water film evaporator, which has been installed on the space station and will be tested on simulated spacewalks during the Crew-1 mission through spacesuit evaporation suppression flight experiments. The survey will conduct 25 simulated 8-hour spacewalks to understand the operation of clothing and technology in space.
In the photo: SpaceX’s Crew-1 aircraft heads to the International Space Station
Plant Habitat 02: The International Space Station (ISS) is known for its variety of surrounding gardens, and Crew-1 will add to its previous research on lettuce, flowers and other plants. Northrop Grumman’s Cygnus spacecraft recently carried out a commercial resupply mission to deliver carrot seeds to the station, and astronauts will provide them with seeds. Plant Habitat 02 Experiment in it Advanced plant habitat. Aircrews on long-term missions in the future will eat plants as part of their diet, and radishes are particularly useful due to their nutritional properties and ability to grow quickly.Radish is also similar to Arabidopsis, This is a plant that has been studied many times under microgravity.
Biological asteroids: As part of the space station, the astronauts of the space station will carefully study the microorganisms that can interact with rocks. Biological asteroids Experiment, the experiment will carry out the SpaceX cargo mission on December 2. Potential future uses of the research may include creating life support systems that use heavy tuff (dust on the moon and small world), or breaking down rocks into soil for plants to be used, or extracting minerals from rocks. Hope to find more uses of materials on the moon, Mars or other destinations to help future workers build bases and transport fewer resources from the earth, thereby saving transportation costs.
Tissue chip: This unique biological experiment places human cells on a thumb-sized 3D matrix to create a small artificial organ that mimics the function of an organ.of Tissue chip in space The experiment (which will also take place during the SpaceX cargo flight on December 2) will examine how human cells respond and adapt to drugs, stress, and genetic changes during space flight. Crew-1 astronauts will study the cells of the human lung, bone marrow, muscle and other organs. One of the main problems researchers hope to solve is how humans lose muscle mass in space after weeks or months under microgravity.
Cardinal heart: The other organ affected by space flight is the heart, Cardinal heart The experiment will also be carried out next month. Researchers will use engineered (artificial) heart tissue mounted on a tissue chip to better understand the cardiovascular risks before spaceflight and develop powerful countermeasures for heart disease. This research is expected to benefit not only flying astronauts, but also individuals on the planet who are at risk of heart disease.
correct: This story was updated at 4:45 pm Eastern Standard Time to show that the SERFE spacesuit experiment is already on the International Space Station and is awaiting the attention of the Crew-1 team, and that the experiments on biological asteroids, tissue chips, and the main heart will pass Additional cargo was launched to the crew for shipment in December.
Follow Elizabeth Howell on Twitter @howellspace.follow us On Twitter @Spacedotcom And on Facebook.