It said in a statement released on Monday that as part of an experiment organized by European startup Space Cargo Unlimited (SCU), they were taken into space in November 2019 and March 2020, respectively.
The study, called Mission Wise, is exploring how to develop “new ways to grow plants on the earth and scale them up to feed more people on the earth.”
The vines will be analyzed to understand their changes in space, where microgravity and higher radiation exposure than Earth will accelerate genetic changes.
Then, the scientists compared them with specimens left on the earth, with the goal of adapting the vines to growing in a harsher environment.
Professional sommeliers will also taste 12 bottles of Bordeaux wines to understand the impact of their time in space on the wine.
The company said in a November 2019 statement: “Space Cargo Unlimited will study how space radiation and microgravity affect the composition of wine during the aging process. This may produce results that are helpful in understanding taste enhancement and food preservation.”
Researchers believe that as climate change continues to change growing conditions, grapes and wine are “ideal research materials” for evaluating the future of agriculture.
Researchers say that woody plants such as vines are vital to human life, but they have never been studied in space.
SCU Chief Science Officer Michael Lebert (Michael Lebert) said: “This may change the pattern of tomorrow’s agriculture and change the rules of the game.”
SCU said that planned future experiments include measuring the effects of space conditions on bacterial and yeast fermentation.