If you want to know how many people are needed to start a new civilization on Mars, you will get the answer.
At least 110.
Space expert Jean-Marc Salotti estimates that according to a study he published earlier this month, it will take at least many people to start a new civilization on the Red Planet.
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Salotti wrote in the research summary: “In order to survive on Mars, we made some assumptions about the organization and engineering of the settlers.” “The least settlers have been calculated, and the result is 110 people.”
The research has been published in the “Science Report”.
Salotti admitted that because there are at least 110 people, this number is “relatively low”, which will allow people to share enough goods and commodities without exhausting supplies.
The study pointed out that the Earth may not be of any help to the Martian civilization for many reasons.
Salotti, from the National Institute of Technology in Bordeaux, France, added: “In the event of an Earth War, important infrastructure in the aerospace sector may be destroyed, thereby disrupting space travel for a long time.”
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“It is also possible that there will be a conflict between the ground government and the settlers, and then a group of people declares independence and tries to survive alone. Another reason may be that the new government is willing to stop the settlement process because of the increasing costs.”
Similar to the 2015 movie “Martian”, Salotti assumed that residents would live in an oxygen-filled dome (no atmosphere on Mars), and planted a greenhouse with reflectors in a glass house to provide “sufficient Light”.
To create a “suitable soil” for plants, Salotti wrote that rock, salt, water and “a mixture of organic waste and decomposition products (insects and microorganisms)” are necessary. ,” he added.
Earlier this month, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk wrote a letter to his employees that the company’s top priority is its starship rocket, which is a reusable rocket , Can bring 100 people to Mars.
In the past, Musk had proposed the idea of ”naked” the Red Planet to make it livable, and he reiterated that idea last year. The technology executive also stated that he will have a “70% chance” to move to Mars.
NASA’s long-term goal is to send manned missions to Mars in the 2030s. Prior to this, the space agency will send the perseverance rover to the Red Planet next month in order to be able to discover any rigid evidence of alien creatures, among other tasks.
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