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South Korean judge ruled that Japan must pay 91,000 US dollars to each “comfort woman”



The victim sued the Japanese government in 2016 for kidnapping, sexual violence and torture during World War II. The judge said in Friday’s ruling that they were less than 20 years old when Japan occupied the Korean peninsula, and they were subjected to dozens of forced sexual acts by the Japanese army every day.

These girls and women forced into sexual slavery are called “comfort women”. Before and during World War II, this practice was approved and organized by the Imperial Japanese Army.

The judge said that the Japanese occupation ended in 1945, but the victims suffered tremendous psychological trauma in the years after the war and were generally stigmatized by society. The judge approved the total amount of 91

,000 U.S. dollars (100 million won) requested by the plaintiff, adding that the losses they suffered exceeded that amount.

The Japanese Prime Minister has apologized in the past, and Tokyo believes that the issue was resolved in 1965 as part of an agreement to normalize relations between the two countries. But South Korea was a military dictatorship at the time, and many South Koreans thought the deal was unfair.

In another landmark transaction in 2015, we once again apologized and pledged to provide 8 million US dollars to establish a foundation to support the surviving “comfort women”.

The judge said on Friday that despite these existing agreements, the plaintiff has the right to claim compensation.

At the 2020 International Comfort Women Memorial Day rally in Seoul, South Korea, a woman held up a sign asking Japan to formally apologize and pay compensation.

South Korea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement after the ruling that the South Korean government “respects the court’s decision and will make every effort to restore the reputation and dignity of the victims of’comfort women’.”

It recognized the agreement reached between the two countries in 2015 and stated that the Japanese government will also “review the impact of the ruling on diplomatic relations and will make every effort to continue constructive and future-oriented cooperation between South Korea and Japan.”

However, according to a Reuters press conference on Friday, Japanese officials strongly criticized the ruling, and Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato called it “extremely regrettable” and “absolutely unacceptable.”

Kato also said that the Japanese government is not under the jurisdiction of South Korea, and the country has repeatedly requested that the case be withdrawn. He said: “We strongly request South Korea as a country to respond appropriately to correct this violation of international law.”

South Korean comfort women

Experts estimate that as many as 200,000 women from South Korea and other Asian countries have been forced to become sex slaves in Japan. According to the UN report on this issue, the Japanese army recruited prostitutes as brothels through deception, coercion and force.

The report said: “Many female victims talked about violence against family members who tried to prevent the kidnapping of their daughters, and in some cases were raped by soldiers in front of their parents and then forcibly taken away.”

North Korea and China are huge winners in the increasingly fierce competition between Japan and South Korea

Although Japan apologized and paid compensation, South Korean militants said that the apology was not enough, and many people demanded further compensation.

This topic is still a pain point in the tension between the two countries. In 2017, a memorial statue became the center of diplomatic disputes. Japan suspended planned currency swap negotiations, postponed economic dialogue, and recalled two South Korean diplomats.
Since then, the relationship has deteriorated. In 2018, South Korea’s Supreme Court ruled that its citizens can sue Japanese companies for using forced North Korean labor during World War II. The two countries fell into fierce military disputes in 2019, and tensions surged. A few months later, a trade war broke out. Japan gave up South Korea as its preferred trading partner, and South Korea therefore reduced its trade relations with Japan.

South Korean President Moon Jae-in said after taking retaliatory economic measures: “As victims of the severe torment of Japanese imperialism in the past, we have to take the ongoing economic retaliation of Japan very seriously.” “Especially because of this. This economic retaliation is unreasonable in itself, and it also stems from historical issues.”

'Symbol of the Devil': Why South Korea wants Japan to ban the Chaoyang flag from the Tokyo Olympics

Many citizens have also felt historical hatred. During the 2019 trade dispute, more than 36,000 South Koreans signed a petition calling on the government to retaliate against Tokyo. Many South Koreans also called for a boycott of Japanese products on social media.

The conflict even entered track and field competitions, and the Korean Sports Parliament Committee requested that the raising of the sun flag be banned at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics (then it was postponed to 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic.) The controversial flag symbolizes Japanese and Korean officials. Argued that imperialism and war atrocities.

An Min-sook, chairman of the Korean Parliamentary Committee, said: “The Chaoyang Flag is like a symbol of the devil for Asians and Koreans, just like the European word is a symbol of the Nazis, reminding Europeans of invasion and terror.” Sports.

However, the organizers of the Olympic Movement refused to ban the flag from the competition venue, arguing that “the flag itself is not considered a political statement.”


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