Six months. This is all that a new virus needs to spread across the globe and infect more than 10 million people, including 2.5 million in the United States.
This period of time may be sufficient to slow or even prevent the spread of the disease caused by the new coronavirus COVID-19. So far, some countries (such as New Zealand) have been successful.
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However, it has been six months since the new virus was first reported in Wuhan, China on December 31, and new cases have surged in the United States and other countries in the world.
On Monday, within six months since the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a series of mysterious pneumonia cases in China, it warned that the epidemic is actually accelerating.
WHO Director-General Tedros Adnan Gibriasus said in his opening statement: “We all want this to end. We all want to continue living.”
The aggressive spread of coronaviruses in the United States, especially in southern and western states, is a reality of humility and aversion that many American healthcare providers face in the second half of 2020. The doctors and public health experts interviewed were hesitant when asked if they wanted the United States to overcome COVID-19 in the next six months.
Dr. Michael Sager, Associate Dean of Global Health at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, said: “I am frustrated and frustrated.” “When you compare our number of cases with almost any other industrialized country, we are bored.”
According to reports, at least 126,332 people have died in the United States and 500,000 people have been killed worldwide.
COVID-19 is a respiratory virus, which means it can be most effectively spread by sneezing, coughing, talking or even singing. Experts say keeping a distance of at least 6 feet from others and wearing a fabric mask in public places can help reduce the spread.
But there has been no encouragement to wear masks, especially with the encouragement of the US government.
President Donald Trump refused to wear a mask in public, although he did wear a mask a few weeks ago on a private trip at a factory in Michigan. It was not until last weekend that Vice President Mike Pence publicly encouraged the use of masks.
Sag said: “There is no time for us to work together and have a unified message from all public officials.” “We must start singing from the same music. Otherwise, we will only sow more divisions.”
Dr. Tom Frieden is the former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and he is the President of the Global Public Health Initiative’s determination to save lives. He said: “As a country, we are becoming backward and untouchable.”
Despite a partial blockade in the United States for several months, it is worrying that Americans did not take COVID-19 seriously.
Dr. Colleen Kraft, deputy chief medical officer of Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, said: “They believe that after the “refuge” is in place, they can return to normal. “People do not take personal responsibility and protect themselves every day. “
Sage warned people to adopt a “laissez-faire attitude.”
“Sorry,” he said. “This thing will not disappear.”
COVID-19 + flu
Looking into the fall, coronavirus adds worrying uncertainty to the 2020-21 flu season. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as many as 62,000 people died of flu-related complications during the 2019-20 season. During this period, more than 700,000 Americans were hospitalized for flu.
Experts simply don’t know how these two viruses will interact.
“If you are infected with flu, and then infected with COVID a few days later, is it possible to protect you from the worst COVID? Or is it the opposite?” Dr. Gregory Poland, an infectious disease expert, asked, He is the head of the Mayo Clinic Vaccine Research Team in Rochester, Minnesota.
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Experts say that the US health care system is not yet ready for the simultaneous influx of COVID-19 and flu.
Christoph Watson, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Health and Safety Center, said: “We know that the flu will come, and this will drive our hospital system to busy operation.” “Combining COVID-19 and flu , We will feel very stressed.”
Even if the flu vaccine is less than 50% effective, it will strongly encourage mitigation of the impact on the health care system this fall.
As hospitals in states such as Arizona, California and Texas strive to contain new coronavirus cases, hospitals in the Northeast are preparing for the next step.
In the spring, Northwell Health in New York treated 17,000 cases of COVID-19. Now, the system prepares for a possible second ascent by ensuring that there are enough ventilators, drugs, and personnel.
“We are preparing for the worst, and hope that we are doing it wrong.” Pulmonologist Dr. Mangala Narasimhan (Mangala Narasimhan) said, he is the regional director of Northwell Health Critical Medicine.
Narasimhan said: “Considering what happened in Florida and Arizona, and the fact that New York is everywhere, this will make things worse.”
The hospital system also focuses on the mental health of employees, consulting work and overtime leave. Regardless of the fall plan, staff may never be prepared for the second wave of New York City hospitals.
“We have a lot of PTSD,” Narasimhan said. “No one of us will feel that we are fully prepared.”
Although there are still many unknowns-why some exposed people have no symptoms or very mild disease, while others need to be hospitalized or die, scientists are rapidly developing effective treatments and vaccines. Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, predicts that a vaccine will be given before the beginning of next year.
Sager said: “Based on the level of scientific inquiry I am doing, I am full of hope.” “In the past 35 years and 40 years, we have learned a lot about viral infections. We are investing a lot of energy and knowledge in trying to decipher The role of this virus and how to stop it. This gives me some hope.”
Everyone believes that the world needs to focus on a single enemy: the virus.
Frieden said: “This is not a political party against another country, nor a country against another country.” “This is related to human resistance to viruses.”
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