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Russian tanker opened up a previously impossible path through Arctic warming



Moscow —A Russian natural gas carrier has completed an experimental round-trip travel on the North Sea route. This is the first time forging a route across the Arctic at this time of the year.Christophe de Margerie (Christophe de Margerie) tanker sailing on ice is the latest visual indication Climate change in vulnerable areas.

The tanker, operated by the Sovcomflot shipping company, returned to the remote Russian Sabetta gas station on February 19, bringing Russia one step closer to its goal of commercial voyage through the warming Arctic throughout the year.


NOAA scientists say the Arctic is changing.

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The LNG (liquefied natural gas) tanker departed from China’s Jiangsu port on January 27 after delivering the cargo. A few days later, it entered the North Sea route across the north coast of Russia. A few days later, near Cape Dzhenev, the Russian nuclear icebreaker “50 Podvi” (50 years of victory) encountered it. Together, they completed 2,500 nautical miles in 11 days and 10 hours.

The ship successfully completed the first leg of its journey from Russia to China without an icebreaker. Due to climate changes in the Arctic, both trips broke the record for winter voyages, allowing it to pass through thin ice. Using the North Sea route allows shippers from Russia and other countries to avoid longer southern journeys in Europe, the Middle East and throughout South Asia, thereby saving millions of dollars.

The deepest ice layer encountered on the ship was about 5 feet thick. However, the ship has not frozen on this route for many years, and meteorologist and journalist Eric Holthaus called this a clear indicator of a “climate emergency.”

In May last year, Christophe de Margerie (Christophe de Margerie) became the first large-capacity cargo ship to complete the eastbound transit of the North Sea route, two months earlier than the traditional itinerary.

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In February 2021, the Russian oil tanker Christophe de Margerie sailed on the North Sea route.

Hitchhiker


Igor Tonkovidov, CEO of Sovcomflot, said: “Due to the early North Sea Route (NSR) voyage completed by Christophe de Margerie in May 2020 and the current NSR voyage, the voyage in the eastern Arctic has almost doubled.” Earlier this month. He pointed out that for decades, from November to July, the transit route along that part of the NSR has usually been frozen.

“The Arctic is ours”

The Russian daily Business News quoted the company’s boss as saying that Novatek, which operates the Sabetta LNG plant, plans to continue its experimental voyage eastward along the North Sea route and plans to make the next voyage this spring.

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The illustrations from the European University of St. Petersburg show the North Sea transportation route and a tanker that first crossed Russia in the winter of February 2021 and the South Suez Canal route.

Saint Petersburg European University


Last year, Russia transported nearly 33 million tons of cargo along the North Sea route, including more than 18 million tons of liquefied natural gas. In the past five years alone, freight volumes along the NSR have increased nearly five times.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yury Trutnev said at a government meeting last week: “This route has far more effects.” He said, according to President Vladimir Putin (Vladimir Putin) ) Issued a decree that by 2024, the volume of cargo transportation along the NSR should increase to 80 million tons per year.

Trutnev said: “One way to achieve the goal is to extend the time of the Arctic voyage.”

To help it achieve its profitable Arctic ambitions, Russia has been updating its unique civilian nuclear-powered icebreaker fleet.Russia last year Unveiled the fleet’s new flagship ArktikaIt is said to be the largest and most powerful in the world.

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The nuclear-powered icebreaker Arktika returned to St. Petersburg on December 14, 2019.

Olga Malcava/AFP/Getty


St. Petersburg Governor George Poltavchenko said at the launch ceremony: “The Russian Arctic attracts many people interested in its resources.” “But the Arctic is ours, and we have proven it.”

Russia plans to launch two more ships of the same series by the end of 2022.

Environmentalists are concerned about the growing nuclear power in the sensitive Arctic region, which has already Suffering from issues related to climate change.

According to some estimates, the Arctic’s oil and gas reserves are equivalent to 412 billion barrels of oil, about 22% of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas.


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