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Russia launches satellite to monitor Arctic climate



In the past three decades, the Arctic region has been warming up more than twice the global average. Moscow is seeking to develop energy-rich regions and invest in the construction of the North Sea route to cross the northern long-distance route when the ice melts.

The head of the Russian Space Agency Dmitry Rogozin said on Twitter that the satellite was successfully reached its intended orbit after being launched by a Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur object in Kazakhstan.

Roskosmos said Russia plans to launch a second satellite in 2023. Together, these two satellites will provide all-weather surveillance of the Arctic Ocean and the Earth’s surface.

Arktika-M will have a highly elliptical orbit that flies at high altitudes over northern latitudes, allowing it to monitor the northern region for a long time before circling below the earth.

Roscos Moss said that in the correct orbit, satellites will be able to monitor and take images of the North Pole every 1

5-30 minutes, while satellites orbiting the Earth’s equator will not be able to continuously observe these images.

Roskosmos said that as part of an international search and rescue plan based on the Cospas-Sarsat satellite, the satellite will also be able to retransmit distress signals from ships, aircraft or people in remote areas.

Mia Bennett, a geographer at the University of Hong Kong, said: “With the increase in activity in the Arctic and the migration to higher latitudes, improving weather and ice forecasting capabilities is essential.

“There is also a kind of data nationalism that is permeating all of this. Countries, especially those that see themselves as space powers, hope to rely on their satellites and data to inform their activities, whether commercial or military ,” she says.


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