They say that diamonds are girls’ best friends, but what about the entire planet made of diamonds?
The latest published research suggests that some exoplanets in deep space that are mainly composed of carbon may turn into diamonds.
The study, published in the Journal of Planetary Science, suggests that these “carbon-rich” planets may have appropriate conditions, such as water, heat and pressure, to convert carbon into diamonds. These planets may also form other minerals found on Earth, such as silicates and oxides.
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The lead author of the study, Harrison Allen-Sutter, said in a statement: “These exoplanets are not like anything in our solar system.”
In recent memory, researchers have discovered several planets that may be composed of diamonds, including 55 Cancri e discovered in 2004.
Planets and stars are mainly composed of dust and gas. However, when the planets surrounding the star contain a lot of carbon and water is present, a “diamond-rich composition” is produced.
For comparison, the diamond content on the earth is relatively small, about 0.001%.
The researchers wrote in the research abstract: “The excess water after the reaction can be stored in the dense silica polymorphs inside the transformed carbon planet.” “This conversion of mineralogy to diamond and silicate will Reduce the density of carbon-rich planets so that the transformed planets are different from silicate planets in the Earth’s range of mass radius of 2-8.”
To put forward their hypothesis, the researchers used high-pressure diamond-anvil cells to utilize intense heat and pressure. From there, they put silicon carbide under water, compressed it between two diamonds, and heated the mixture with a laser.
Eventually, silicon carbide became diamond and silicon dioxide.
The researchers added that although the presence of diamonds may have fascinated the late Marilyn Monroe, these planets are unlikely to have life. They pointed out that they may not be geologically active and may have an atmosphere that is not conducive to life.
Alan Sartre added in the statement: “Regardless of whether it is habitable or not, this is another step to help us understand and characterize the ever-increasing and improved observations of exoplanets.” “The more we learn, the more we learn. The better we can interpret new data from future missions such as the James Webb Space Telescope and the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope to understand the world outside our solar system.”
According to Fox News previously reported that due to the coronavirus pandemic, NASA’s James Webb telescope is scheduled to launch in October 2021, which has been delayed for several months.
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In total, NASA has discovered more than 4,000 exoplanets. As of September 2018, it is believed that about 50 of them may be habitable. Support life.
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