Today, the National Space Administration issued the “National Planetary Protection Strategy.” This strategy will enhance the country’s role in sustainable space exploration by appropriately protecting other planetary bodies and the earth from potential harmful biological pollution caused by space exploration activities.
Planetary protection refers to the policy and practice of protecting the earth’s biosphere by limiting biological pollution of other planetary bodies to protect scientific research and avoiding harmful biological pollution caused by returning to spacecraft. This national strategy balances the interests of the United States in promoting scientific discovery, human exploration, and the growth of private sector space activities, while taking full account of public safety and applicable domestic and international obligations.
As the United States continues to maintain its leading position in space exploration and commercialization, national policies must keep pace with the times to accelerate the development of our world-class commercial space sector and scientific enterprises, while appropriately avoiding biological pollution.
Planetary protection against “forward pollution”
Planetary protection against “backward pollution” ensures that the Earth’s biosphere is not adversely affected by the return of potentially harmful microorganisms.
Key points of the national planetary protection strategy:
This strategy outlines the steps to be implemented from the direction of the National Space Policy of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy in 2020, to guide various U.S. departments and agencies to develop guidelines for planetary protection operations.
Reaching the goals of the “Strategy” will ensure that the country is united and fulfills applicable international and domestic obligations while meeting scientific discoveries, human exploration, and space commercial activities.
The United States will continue to play a leading role in sustainable space exploration by properly protecting the earth and other planetary bodies.
The best practices developed by the United States for business and international partners will ensure the safety, sustainability and predictability of space for the benefit of all mankind.
The Chairman and Deputy Assistant to the Executive Secretary of the National Space Council, Dr. Scott Pace and Dr. Kelvin Droegemeier, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, issued the following statement:
Dr. Scott Pace said: “Current and future missions to Mars and other destinations must develop a strategy to support a safe, sustainable, and predictable environment on Earth and space. Implementation of 2020 The goal of the national space policy direction is planetary protection. This strategy continues to maintain the U.S. leadership in scientific discovery, human exploration, and private sector space activities.”
Dr. Kelvin Droegemeier said: “The United States has made amazing advances in space exploration. With these major advances, it shoulders the responsibility of protecting the earth and other planetary bodies from biological pollution. This One strategy upholds our national values, promotes scientific discovery and supports private sector activities in a sustainable and safe manner. I thank the Trump administration for its work to promote American leadership in the space sector.”
-Introduction to the “National Planetary Protection Strategy”.
-The text of the National Planetary Protection Strategy.
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