China’s apartheid and a fragile communist state
Since the Soviet Union disbanded the Gulag prison system, the Communist Party of China has forced nearly 2 million ethnic minorities to assemble in Xinjiang Province in western China. This may be the largest forced collectivization of human beings. Torture, forced sterilization and forced labor are signs. The world has attracted attention: multinational corporations and foreign leaders have raised concerns, and there is an emerging movement to boycott the Beijing Winter Olympics next year. However, although the world recognizes the undeniable scale of this tragedy, it has not paid too much attention to another 20th century method of totalitarian rule that the CCP is imitating. Since the era of apartheid in South Africa, China has institutionalized the discrimination of relatively large-scale elites and relatively wealthy ethnic minorities. The scale and degree of deliberations are unknown. China̵
7;s apartheid system is based on a long-term household registration system. The household registration system is a cruel and permanent caste system, which is maintained by the party. For decades, hukou, like the apartheid system in South Africa, has been dominated by deeply-rooted minorities (in this case, the urban political and economic class of the Chinese Communist Party) that constitute the majority of the population. The apartheid system in South Africa allowed generations of white South African Dutch government and business leaders to maintain economic and social control over the majority (black) population. Similarly, in China, the CCP relies on hukou to control 900 million rural poor people, while at the same time relying on cheap labor to maintain so-called first-tier cities. The urban elites and middle class in Beijing, Shanghai and other first-tier cities accepted this system unreservedly, and it was not even widely recognized in South Africa. China’s apartheid system relies on the internal passport system of the holders throughout their lives. The system is simple: you were born in a city or country, and you carry it with you until you die. This designation system is implemented through a complex quota system and limited access to schools, jobs, healthcare, and social safety nets (such as those that exist in China). The government uses these restrictions to control urban immigration, thereby limiting the number of immigrants to ensure that fast-growing cities have sufficient labor. Hundreds of millions of rural migrants to cities constitute a permanent lower class, and they can only access services, including health care, education, and unemployment allowances, at a level that is available for their rural hukou status. Stanford University scholar Scott Rozelle and researcher Natalie Hell wrote in their book “Invisible China” that the system created two Chinas: Chinese cities Republic and the Rural Republic of China. They wrote: “Although Chinese rural residents can travel to Chinese cities, this is true even if rural parents move from the village to the big city to work… They have no legal right to send their children to urban public schools or into urban public hospitals.” Since about two-thirds of China with rural hukou status do not have enough opportunities to obtain urban jobs or services, migration to cities often splits rural families. The father or mother or eldest son may move to the city, leaving the daughter and grandparents behind. As a result, China’s apartheid system maintains a huge income gap between urban and rural areas, and the World Bank estimates-and the Chinese Communist Party generally recognizes-that hundreds of millions of people live on about $5 a day. Although the gap between the rich and the poor in the United States is described by progressive politicians, the latest analysis of OECD 24/7 Wall Street and USA Today data puts South Africa and China (the leading practitioners of modern apartheid) at the top. Not accidental. Ranked 1st and 2nd among the 15 countries with the largest gap between the rich and the poor. Both systems rely on the systematic chauvinistic policies of the dominant minority against the poor majority. But what South Africa gave up, China continues. Hukou works simultaneously with another project called “Dibao”. The system was originally a basic income survey for urban residents with lower incomes, and has now been implemented nationwide. In the hands of Xi Jinping’s CCP, the Dibao is just another form of economic and social control that helps maintain the apartheid system. According to the latest analysis by Alexis Smith in SupChina, the government strictly monitors each grant recipient and relies on neighbors and others in the community to report whether the individual is living outside of his or her ability. This will affect the recipient’s ability to engage in high-paying jobs, receive education, or seek other ways to improve their living standards. The system has also promoted a wide range of actions by neighbors, who secretly monitor neighbors to please local government officials. China’s apartheid system also helps the CCP to project China’s power to the world. Beijing has established the notion that it can control economic and social mobility, manage its growth in an orderly manner, and maintain its prosperity. In fact, like South Africa, apartheid in China marks its profound weakness and vulnerability. To maintain such strict control over the majority of the population in order to benefit the city’s party officials and their vast network of assistants (including the entire business class and public officials in particular at all levels of government), it is necessary to carry out continuous surveillance and ensure that Change the way for continuous monitoring. Lie and deceive. Economic forecasting is a misinformation network from local party members to the highest level, and each level is determined not to indicate that the part of its operating system is failing. The danger caused takes many forms. For example, which bridge or railroad inspector would dare to admit that a hasty construction project that relies on cheap immigrant labor might be wrong? As a result, building collapses, railway and bridge disasters, dam collapses and other infrastructure tragedies are common in China. Given the CCP’s strict control over public information, such disasters are usually not reported. The Chinese writer Murong Xuecun wrote in a 2015 New York Times article entitled “Beware of China’s Security Records” that when such disasters occur, “the only government function displayed is information control: hiding facts and banning the media. Reporting and promptly shutting down social networking sites. Media accounts suspected of spreading “rumors”. Or consider the so-called “Belt and Road” initiative. This is China’s infrastructure subsidy diplomacy. The CCP hopes that the world sees it as a projection of global soft power, and it is also Beijing A sign of global impact. However, a feature of the plan is that the hukou and its local corruption are being exported. Many of the “Belt and Road” projects in partner countries require the use of cheap imported Chinese labor as a condition for transactions. This It shows that the “Belt and Road” initiative is not soft power, but a prediction of China’s weakness, which may bring dangerous results. Reuters reported in 2019 that the “Belt and Road” initiative requires that by 2030, Chinese state-owned enterprises will There are about 30 nuclear power plants built in dozens of countries around the world. But Murong pointed out in the New York Times, “From what we know about China’s construction and regulatory practices, accidents at Chinese nuclear power plants are only a question of when and where. “Of course, the United States and its democratic allies and partners face challenges and imbalances. However, transparency, accountability, and the ability to correct itself are hallmarks of democratic capitalism. These corrective measures do not exist in China, and the trend is in the other direction. Technology allows the CCP to exercise greater control over all aspects of the daily lives of its citizens. In contrast, the United States and other regions are concerned about the harmful effects of Facebook, Twitter, Google, and other social media on democratic norms. This will be sought by seeking A balanced democratic process to resolve. As always, it will involve the legislative balance law. Finally, voters will hold leaders accountable. In China, this cannot happen because all these platforms are banned and there is no voter’s voice, even if the CCP Relying on facial recognition, data capture, monitoring digital banking activities, and other forms of technological totalitarianism are the same. Although this may reflect the strength of the country, it shows not strength, but weakness and fear-fear of its own people. The apartheid system in South Africa collapsed due to its own inconsistencies, brave internal reformers and global consensus. The apartheid system was in the same class as slavery and piracy and must end. In the end, it failed because it was South African politics. And the deep roots of real weaknesses in society. The same is true of apartheid in China.