Human rights groups say that since 2017, as many as 2 million people (mainly Muslims) have been detained in huge camps established across Xinjiang, where they have allegedly been politically indoctrinated and abused. China has always denied this claim and believes that Xinjiang’s refugee camp system is necessary to tackle religious extremism and terrorism.
Although Washington had previously sanctioned officials in Xinjiang and blocked some imports related to forced labor, Tuesday’s announcement was the first time it officially used the term genocide.
According to the United Nations, genocide is “the intention to completely or partially destroy a nation, race, racial or religious group”
;. Although the statement does not automatically penalize, it marks a rare step by the US government. Historically, it has shown some hesitation in attaching the name of genocide to ongoing crises.
This will fall on the position of Biden’s new administration. The new Biden administration has always supported treating the situation in Xinjiang as genocide, taking action on this issue, or succumbing in the face of radical Beijing trying to force it to “reset” conditions.
Pompeo chose to issue the Xinjiang Declaration at the last possible moment, an action that was disappointing in the presidential transitional drama, which frustrated many researchers and human rights activists who have long advocated the use of this name.
Xinjiang historian James Millward wrote in a Twitter post: “Don’t take Trump’s chaotic Chinese policy architects as an eleven-hour gesture that they have been opposed to for years. ”
Millward pointed out that the Trump administration blocked multiple attempts by Congress to take action against Xinjiang in 2018 and 2019 because the president reached a trade agreement with China, and Pompeo was praised for exposing the atrocities exposed by reporters. And researchers “before Trump overthrew his’good friend’ Xi in recent years.”
Most importantly, Pompeo’s final bow to Beijing seemed to be an attempt to tie the hands of the incoming government.
Center’s China analyst Scott Kennedy said: “During the months of the Trump administration’s decline (against China), a series of restrictions and penalties have been imposed. This means that the new It is impossible or technically difficult to retreat.” “Strategy and International Studies” written this week. “To figure out how to manage this legacy will be a major foreign policy challenge for the new government.”
However, although the new appointment may complicate Biden’s relationship with Beijing, it may also provide Biden with a source of influence. Secretary of State Anthony Brinken, nominated by Biden, has stated that he agrees with the term “genocide.”
Reset according to conditions
Beijing is seeking to influence Biden’s policies and talk about Biden’s replay, while hinting that if he continues his predecessor’s hawkish stance on China, it may have an impact.
In recent days, Chinese state media have been celebrating the end of the Trump administration.
A few hours before Trump left the White House for the last time, the state-run news agency Xinhua posted a picture of the U.S. Congress on Twitter in English, which read: “Donald Trump, great! “
Also on Wednesday, China imposed new sanctions on Pompeo and several other former Trump officials. Beijing stated that “planned, promoted, and executed a series of crazy actions that seriously interfered in China’s internal affairs and harmed China’s internal affairs. China’s interests have offended the Chinese people and severely damaged Sino-US relations.”
These measures prohibit former officials “and their immediate family members” from entering mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau, and prohibit them “and related companies and institutions” from doing business with China. This may prevent those under sanctions from taking on profitable post-management positions in think tanks or consulting companies focused on China, and Beijing may hope that this consideration will influence the new Biden officials to take a sharp stance on these issues.
In a speech on Wednesday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying accused “Pompeo and other anti-China and anti-Communist forces” of causing “all kinds of misunderstandings about Xinjiang-related issues” between the two countries.
As the chief Chinese hawk of the Trump administration, he criticized Beijing as well as Hong Kong and Xinjiang. Pompeo is an abomination of Chinese diplomats and the country’s strictly controlled official media. In the last week of the Trump administration Published multiple stories, praising him about to quit.
In a speech before Biden’s inauguration, Xinhua News Agency said: “One of the most important bilateral relations in the world is at a critical crossroads.”
Xinhua News Agency said: “The normalization of Sino-US relations depends on the new US government.” He added that Washington should “seize new opportunities for cooperation” on issues such as climate change, and at the same time avoid “red lines”, such as increasing cooperation with the United States. s contact. Taiwan’s democracy and de facto independent island.
Spokesperson Hua said: “President Biden has repeatedly emphasized the word unity in his inauguration speech.” “I think this is exactly what the current Sino-US relations require. Because in the past four years, some anti-China politicians in the United States have spoken too much. Too many lies, inciting too much hatred and disagreements based on personal interests.”
The way the Biden administration handles the Xinjiang issue may be a major test of this relationship. If Blinken is serious about maintaining his predecessor’s appointment, then other sanctions or some kind of international action will probably have to be taken after that, otherwise Washington may recognize the ongoing genocide and state of genocide.
However, the way Pompeo made the declaration could undermine international action.
Kate Cronin-Furman, assistant professor of human rights affairs, said: “The claim of genocide abroad is a political act, not a legal ruling, so its impact depends entirely on the reputation and credibility of the speaker. “University College London wrote this week. “Pompey Group may have declared its determination to the absolute lowest point in the international community at the worst possible moment (together with the United States) in the imagination.”
The wider international community has not shown any eagerness to act on this issue.
Last month, despite concerns about human rights violations in Xinjiang and Hong Kong and some new Biden officials actively lobbying the EU, the EU still worked hard to sign an investment agreement with China.
At that time, European Member of Parliament Guy Verhofstadt (Guy Verhofstadt) said: “The story from Xinjiang is really terrifying. In Brussels, we are ready to sign an investment treaty with China.” “In this case, any Chinese signatures on human rights are not worth writing.”
British lawmakers who are trying to restrict the government’s greater trade with China are also frustrated. This week, the country’s parliament was weakly frustrated in its attempt to restrict an agreement with a country deemed genocide. This is a measure directed at China. Although the candidates vowed to continue fighting in the House of Lords, Pompeo’s statement (made midway through the debate) ultimately did not shake the majority of lawmakers.
Biden’s influence in Brussels and London may surpass Trump, and he must have talked about the need to rebuild America’s international status after Trump’s four years in office. But it remains to be seen whether he uses his position to lobby for action against Xinjiang or takes a tougher line against China.