Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated that the United States will designate the Houthi rebels supported by Yemen in Iran as a foreign terrorist organization, and aid organizations warn that this move may hinder response to what many believe is the world’s most serious humanitarian crisis. attempt.
The name will take effect on January 19, the day before President-elect Biden took office, Pompeo issued a statement on Sunday saying that it was late. He said that he also intends to appoint the three leaders of the group, Abdul Malik Al-Hussi, Abdul Khalik, Badr Din Al-Hussi, and Abdullah Yahya Ha Kim is a specially designated global terrorist.
He said: “These names will provide more tools to fight Ansala̵
The Trump administration is caught up in an internal debate about whether to officially designate the Houthi rebels as a terrorist organization, because aid organizations and UN officials warned that this could make the humanitarian disaster that has already occurred in Yemen worse. Four people familiar with the discussion came up. Told NBC News in the month.
After six years of intense conflict between the Houthi rebels and the internationally recognized Yemeni government, 80% of Yemen’s population of more than 29 million people need humanitarian assistance. Experts have declared that nearly 17,000 people are in a famine-like situation. . To the International Rescue Committee.
Since 2015, it is estimated that more than 112,000 people have died as a result of violence.
According to Reuters, the Houthi organization is the de facto authority in northern Yemen, and aid agencies must cooperate with it to provide assistance.
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Pompeo said on Sunday that the United States plans to take measures to reduce the impact of this designation on certain humanitarian activities and imports to Yemen.
Pompeo said these measures will include the US Treasury Department’s issuance of special permits to allow the United States to continue to provide assistance in Yemen, as well as the activities of certain international and non-governmental organizations, such as the United Nations. He added that important imported products such as food and medicine will also be protected by the license.
An Oxfam spokesperson disagreed with this statement. He said that as banks, businesses and humanitarian donors decide not to do business in Yemen, the consequences of this designation will be felt across the country.
Save the Children said that when thousands of people are getting closer to famine, such appointments may put thousands of young people at further risk of starvation and disease.
The Norwegian Refugee Council warned that this name would bring a further “destructive blow” to a country already in a “full-scale” humanitarian disaster.
The civil war in Yemen began in 2014, when Houthi rebels backed by Tehran took control of the capital Sana’a. Subsequently, the military alliance led by Saudi Arabia intervened on behalf of the government in 2015, turning the conflict into a proxy war between the regional enemies of Iran and Saudi Arabia and a civil conflict.
The London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies stated that Tehran began to provide money, weapons and training to the Houthis after the Arab Spring.
The move on Sunday comes as the Trump administration continues its maximum pressure campaign against Iran in the final weeks of Donald Trump’s presidency.
Supporters believe that this is part of a blow to Iran’s influence in the Middle East, and that Biden’s previous administration hopes to re-participate in Tehran’s efforts to join the 2015 nuclear agreement.
The Associated Press and Reuters contributed to this report.
Abigail Williams and Dan de Luce Contributed.