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Physically demanding workplaces can increase the risk of early death



CBS NEWS – HEALTHDAY As if their work was not hard enough, new research indicates that men in physically demanding jobs may be at risk of premature death.

The increase in risk may be just as high The results of the study suggest that there are high-contrast health outcomes associated with physical activity at leisure and at leisure, "said senior researcher Pieter Coenen of the Public Relations Department (1859004 ) and occupational medicine at the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam.

The results are particularly important because many people are very active in the work, but are typically less active in their free time, he said.

"These men, Those who come mostly from lower socioeconomic groups are exposed to unhealthy physical activities and benefit to a lesser extent from the positive health effects of physical activity at leisure, "said Coenen.

But the study could not prove that physical activity at work caused an early death, he added, "To be fair "We're not 1

00 percent sure yet – more research is needed," he noted.

It is not clear whether the type of physical work has an impact on the risk of death, Coenen added

"However, when I speculate, I can imagine that miners who are active in the profession are also a lot of other professionals Dangers are exposed, "he said.

While he was physically active is generally a good thing and can prevent heart disease and even some cancers, a sedentary lifestyle is considered unhealthy and was associated with about 7 percent of an increased risk for poor health outcomes, the researchers said.

Guidelines encourage people to participate Up to 30 minutes of moderate to intense exercise daily, but they do not distinguish between work and leisure activities, Coenen noted

To reduce the risk of death during physically intense work, he suggested the level to reduce activity during physically demanding jobs.

B "A simpler option could be to encourage people to be physically active in their free time," Coenen said. "This could help these workers reconcile the negative health effects of occupational physical activity with the positive effects of recreational physical activity."

To determine if a difference between physical activity at work or during leisure time affects one's health, Coenen and colleagues collected data from 17 previously published studies involving nearly 194,000 men. The studies were conducted from 1960 to 2010.

This type of study, called a meta-analysis, allows researchers to identify and come to a conclusion about general trends that may not have been intended in the original studies.

The researchers found that men whose work was physically demanding had an 18 percent higher risk of early death than men whose work did not involve much physical activity.

The increased risk of death persisted even after the onset of recreational activities (19659004), while the increase was seen in men, it was not seen among women, Coenen said. "Our hypothesis is that women typically work in less physically active jobs," he said.

A US expert said the results made sense.

"Anyone who has ever painted a house or moved and worked furniture knows that there is a big difference," Dr. David Katz. He is director of the Yale Griffin Prevention Research Center in Derby, Connecticut, and former president of the American College of Lifestyle Medicine.



Workouts are designed to provide the greatest benefits to fitness while prioritizing comfort, Katz said.

"Exercise on the other hand, is often very repetitive, emphasizes certain body parts while sparing others, and can be quite uncomfortable," Katz said.

"Perhaps there is a direct adverse effect of cumulative physical stress over time," he said.

More likely, though, men are not viable alternatives to the most physically demanding jobs, Katz noted.

"So, what seems to be the negative impact of work on the job could additionally or even alternatively be the negative effect of poverty, mental stress, environmental stress, perhaps depression, and other lifestyle differences that can be traced of jobs] said Katz.

The report was published on May 14 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.


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