Walking from a hot shower into a cold bathroom almost killed a man in Colorado who had a severe allergic reaction to low temperatures.
According to a case report published in California on October 27, the 34-year-old man fell down after coming out of the shower room, and his family found him on the floor. Journal of Emergency Medicine. The man had difficulty breathing and his skin was covered with hives. He is experiencing a life-threatening systemic allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.
The report stated that when the paramedics arrived, his family told them that the man had a history of “allergy to cold weather.”
related: 9 strangest allergies
The medical staff treated the man with adrenaline and oxygen and sent him to the emergency room. When he arrived at the hospital, he was sweating profusely and had measles all over his body.
The doctor diagnosed him with Urticaria, Allergic skin reactions after exposure to cold air (including cold air or cold water), According to the Mayo Clinic. People also experience symptoms after eating cold food or drinks, Previously reported on Live Science.
The most common symptom is a red, itchy rash (urticaria) after being cold. But in more serious cases, people experience allergic reactions, which can cause a sharp drop in blood pressure, narrowing of the airways, and difficulty breathing. The Mayo Clinic says these more serious reactions usually occur when the skin of the whole body is cold, such as when people are swimming in cold water. In the case of this man, his entire body was exposed to cold air after exiting the shower.
The doctor confirmed the person’s diagnosis with an “ice cube test,” which involves placing ice cubes on the skin for about 5 minutes. If the patient has raised redness and swelling on the skin where the ice cubes are, he is diagnosed with hives.
It is unclear to what extent the disease is widespread-according to a European study, the prevalence of the disease is 0.05%. National Institutes of Health. Allergic reactions are less common than hive-like reactions.
In most cases, the cause of this disease is not known, but sometimes it can be inherited, which means that people are genetically susceptible. In others, urticaria is triggered by certain factors that affect the immune system, such as viral infections or certain cancers.
Allergic reactions are caused by exposure to cold immune system Releases a chemical called histamine that causes inflammation, Previously reported on Live Science.
At the hospital, the man was treated with antihistamines and steroids and his condition improved. Before leaving the hospital, he was advised to avoid exposure to cold water or other environments that could expose his entire body to cold.Also stipulate him Epinephrine auto-injector, Can treat allergic reactions in emergency situations.
Originally published in “Life Science”.