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Nile dam negotiations resume to resolve years of disputes



Officials said that the three main Nile basin countries have resumed negotiations to resolve the years-long dispute over the operation and landfill of a huge hydroelectric dam built by Ethiopia on the Blue Nile.

The negotiations were held on Monday. The day before, thousands of Ethiopians walked onto the streets of the capital Addis Ababa at a government-supported rally to celebrate the 74 billion cubic meters of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. The first stage of water injection. Meter reservoir.

Ethiopia’s announcement caused fear and confusion in Sudan and the lower reaches of Egypt. Both Khartoum and Cairo have repeatedly refused to flood huge reservoirs, but no agreement has been reached between the Nile Basin countries.

Ethiopia says the dam will provide electricity to millions of its nearly 1

10 million people, help them escape poverty and make the country an important exporter of electricity.

Egypt, which relies on the Nile River to provide fresh water for a growing population of 100 million, claims that the dam poses an existential threat.

The Sudan between the two countries said the project could harm its own dam-although it will benefit from Ethiopia’s dam, including access to cheap electricity and reduced flooding opportunities.

The confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile near Khartoum formed the Nile, which then flows through Egypt and into the Mediterranean.

The irrigation ministers of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia participated in Monday’s meeting, which was held online during the coronavirus pandemic. Sudan’s Minister of Irrigation, Yasir Abbas, said officials from the African Union and South Africa also attended the virtual meeting.

The Egyptian Ministry of Irrigation said that officials from the United States and the European Union also attended the meeting.

Abbas said that technical and legal experts from the three countries will resume negotiations based on the report submitted by the African Union and the three capitals after the July meeting. He added that the three ministers will meet again online on Thursday.

The Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed (Abiy Ahmed) attributed the storage of the reservoir to the torrential rain that flooded the Blue Nile River. This is a natural occurrence and “will not disturb or harm anyone else.”

File) In this file photo taken on December 26, 2019, the Blue Nile River passes through the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) near Cuba, Ethiopia.  As Egypt, Ethiopia

Key issues remain unresolved, including how much water Ethiopia will release downstream if there are years of drought [File: Eduardo Soteras/AFP]

However, Mohamed Abdel-Atty, the Egyptian Minister of Irrigation, said that the supply did not “consult and coordinate” with downstream countries, but instead issued “negative signs that Ethiopia is unwilling to reach a fair agreement.” .

The Ministry of Irrigation of Ethiopia posted on its Facebook page that it will strive to achieve “fair and reasonable” use of Blue Nile water.

The key sticking points remain, including how much water Ethiopia will release downstream if years of drought occur, and how these countries will resolve future disputes. Egypt and Sudan have pushed for a binding agreement, and Ethiopia refuses to comply with the agreement because it insists on non-binding guidelines.


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