New York (Associated Press)-Parents now have an additional reason to refuse sweets, cakes and ice cream to young children. The US government issued the first infant and young child dietary guidelines on Tuesday, recommending breastfeeding only for at least six months, and no added sugar for children under 2 years old.
Barbara Schneeman, a nutritionist at the University of California, Davis, said: “It’s never too early to start.” “In the early years, you have to do everything you can.”
The guide does not provide two important recommendations for scientists to advise the government. These consultants said in July that everyone should limit their sugar intake to less than 6% of calories, while men should limit their alcoholic beverage intake to one cup per day.
Instead, the guidelines follow previous recommendations: after the age of two, limit added sugars to less than 1
Schneemann said: “I think we have not finished drinking.” He chaired the committee to advise the government on guidelines. “There is more we need to learn.”
The dietary guidelines are issued every five years by the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Health and Human Services. The government uses them to set standards for school lunches and other programs. Some important points:
Infants and mothers
The guidelines say that babies must wait at least six months before they can drink breast milk. If breast milk is not available, iron-fortified infant formula should be taken within the first year. Vitamin D supplementation should be started soon after the baby is born.
Babies can start eating other foods after about 6 months and should be introduced with other foods into foods that may cause allergies.
The guide says: “Introducing peanut-containing foods in the first year can reduce the risk of infants developing food allergies to peanuts.”
For pregnant and lactating women, there are more recommendations than previous guidelines. In order to promote healthy brain development in babies, these women should eat 8 to 12 ounces of seafood a week. They should make sure to choose fish (such as cod, salmon, sardines, and tilapia) that have low mercury content, which can harm the children’s nervous system.
According to the guidelines, pregnant women should not drink alcohol, while breastfeeding women should be cautious. A moderate amount of caffeine seems to be safe, and women can discuss it with a doctor.
Alcohol and man
In July, scientific advisers recommended that men who drink alcohol can only drink one meal a day, a 12-ounce can of beer, a 5-ounce glass of wine or a bottle of spirits. The official guidelines on Tuesday ignored this, suggesting that men drink twice a day.
Dr. Westerly Clark of Santa Clara University said it was appropriate. He said that heavy drinking and overeating are harmful, but the evidence for moderate drinking is not clear.
Clark said that lowering the threshold for men may be socially, religiously or culturally unacceptable for many people, and this may have a knock-on effect on the rest of the guidelines.
He said: “They need to be accepted by people, otherwise they will reject it completely and our situation will be worse.” “If you lose the public, these guidelines are worthless.”
He said that more serious scientific research is needed on the long-term effects of low or moderate drinking.
What’s on your plate?
Most Americans do not follow the best nutrition advice, leading to obesity, heart disease and diabetes. Many of the new suggestions sound familiar: Put fruits and vegetables on the plate, and cut down on sweets, saturated fat, and sodium.
The guidelines suggest some small changes to add up: replace frosted grains with regular shredded wheat. Choose low-sodium canned black beans. Drink soda instead of soda.
Pam Miller of the Food and Nutrition Services Department of the Ministry of Agriculture said: “It is really important to make healthier choices every day for every meal to develop healthy eating habits.”
There is an app that helps people follow the guidelines on the government’s My Plate website.
In the typical American diet, the largest sources of added sugar are soda and other sugary beverages, desserts, snacks, candies, and sweetened coffee and tea. These foods contribute very little nutrition, so this guide recommends restrictions.
The “nutrition facts” labels of packaged foods have added sugar information. The label also has information about saturated fat and sodium.
The Associated Press writer Marion Renault (Marion Renault), based in Rochester, Minnesota, contributed.
The Associated Press Department of Health and Science is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. AP is solely responsible for all content.
Copyright © 2020 Associated Press. all rights reserved. The material may not be published, broadcast, adapted or redistributed.
More stories you might be interested in