قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / World / Natural History Museum names 503 new species in 2020

Natural History Museum names 503 new species in 2020



The Popa langur is a critically endangered monkey living in Myanmar and one of the newly described species.

(CNN)— The Natural History Museum in London named 503 new species this year, including a monkey living on the edge of an extinct volcano, an amphibian that breathes through its skin, and an armored one.

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the museum may be closed to the public for the longest time since World War II, but according to a press release issued on Tuesday, researchers are still working behind the scenes.

Researchers used specimens from the museum̵

7;s huge collection to describe these hundreds of new species in 2020.

The snake venom is one of the nine new snake species described in 2020.

The snake venom is one of the nine new snake species described in 2020.

Apijidas

Ken Norris, head of life sciences at the Natural History Museum, told CNN that describing new species means collecting information about the form and structure of the organism, writing the results of the research on paper, and sending it to the scientific community Review.

Norris said: “You are asking whether that new specimen is sufficiently different from what was previously considered a new specimen.” “So you are describing it for the first time.”

Among the newly described species this year is Popa Iangur (Trachypithecus popa), a monkey that lives on the slopes of an extinct volcano in Myanmar.

Actias keralana is a moth found in India.

Actias keralana is a moth found in India.

Nässig et al. 2020 year

According to the museum, there are already 200-260 people living in the wild, and it has been considered critically endangered, but experts hope that its naming will help protect the monkeys.

Norris said: “The most basic things to name things, or to recognize that they are different, their importance in protection is rapidly increasing.” “As long as you know this, then protection becomes a priority, not at the time. .”

Twelve new reptiles and amphibians are described this year, Including Borneo lizards, two new frogs and nine new snakes.

The museum collection also contains a single specimen of a new species, Oedipina ecuatoriana, which breathes through its skin and was collected more than a century ago.

An armor or Armilimax pauljamisoni is shown here.

An armor or Armilimax pauljamisoni is shown here.

Kimmig et al. 2020 year

Beetles are the most numerous on the list, with 170 new species named, followed by bees and wasps, with 70 new species.

One of them-Bombus tibeticus-lives on the Mongolian Tibetan Plateau at an altitude of 5,640 meters, making it one of the most recorded bumblebee species.

In 2020, 51 species of snails, 9 species of moths, 6 new species, 9 flatworms and 1 butterfly were also described.

The artist's impression depicts the wombat-shaped marsupial Mukupirna nambensis (Mukupirna nambensis).

The artist’s impression depicts the wombat-shaped marsupial Mukupirna nambensis (Mukupirna nambensis).

Peter Shuden

The scientists also described 122 new fossil species, including Armilimax pauljamisoni, which looks like an armored warhead, and a giant fossil named Mukupirna nambensis, a marsupial like a wombat.

The giant marsupial lived in Australia 25 million years ago, and its original size was similar to that of a black bear.

The researchers described 10 new minerals, of which there are only about 6,000 known species in the world.

Norris does not expect the number of newly described species to decrease in the next few years.

He said: “At present, we think that 20% of life has been described in some shape or form,” he said, but there is still a lot of life to describe.


Source link