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Home / Science / NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter straightened its legs, while the Curiosity rover was in the selfie

NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter straightened its legs, while the Curiosity rover was in the selfie



Curiosity selfie

NASA̵
7;s Curiosity Mars rover uses two cameras to take selfies. NASA / JPL-Caltech / MSSS

  • Last week, NASA’s Curiosity rover used its robotic arm to take a selfie on Mars.

  • A few days later, the agency’s Ingenuity helicopter finally pulled out all four legs.

  • The photos of the two events show that NASA’s popularity on the red planet continues to increase.

  • Check out more stories on Insider’s business page.

There are many activities on Mars.

Last week, NASA’s Curiosity rover used its robotic arm to take an impressive selfie in front of the 20-foot-high rock formation of Mont Mercou. This photo released on Tuesday gives us a glimpse of the vast Martian landscape. About 2,300 miles away on the same planet, NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter finally pulled out all four of its landing feet-the camera also captured this scene.

The original mission is to try to make the first controlled airplane flight on another planet. The abdomen of the Persistent Rover, whose helicopter landed in February, headed to Mars. NASA revealed on Tuesday that the gyroplane is now ready to land on the surface of Mars-a feat that has been waiting for months.

Ingenuity

All four feet of NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter are sticking out. NASA/JPL-California Institute of Technology

The originality may fly in a few weeks and may be deployed as early as April 8. But its flight-which may be a technological demonstration that could pioneer a new method of planetary exploration-will be dangerous. The helicopter must rise in the thin atmosphere of Mars and survive 30 Martian days (approximately one Earth month) in the freezing night temperature.

Farah Alibay, a systems engineer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said: “As with everything about helicopters, this kind of deployment has never happened.” “Once the deployment begins, there is no turning back.”

Originality hovering 5 inches above the surface of Mars

Earlier this month, Perseverance dropped the guitar-shaped shield protecting Ingenuity, exposing the helicopter to the sky of Mars for the first time. From there, an electric motor must be used to rotate it out of the horizontal position below the rover. The original legs must also be spread out two at a time.

NASA calls this process “reverse origami.”

Now, Ingenuity can almost drop a 5-inch high object to the ground and make contact with the surface of Mars for the first time.

Wisdom Mars

After rotating outwards from the horizontal position on March 29, the ingenuity extended vertically to the proper position. NASA / JPL-Caltech / MSSS

The final fall requires cutting off the connecting wire between the helicopter and Perseverance; now, they are connected by a bolt to dozens of miniature electrical connectors.

Ali Bai said at a recent press conference: “At least for me, the most stressful day will be the last day, when we finally separated the helicopter and landed Ingenuity on the ground.

Once the agility drops, perseverance must drive away quickly, exposing the helicopter’s solar panels so that the drone can start charging. After the first charge, Ingenuity will take about a week to test its sensors and motors before it can start flying.

The helicopter will attempt up to five flights.

Its first flight will test whether Ingenuity can successfully get off the ground a few feet, hover it for about 30 seconds, and then land. Each subsequent test will be more difficult than the last one, and will eventually lead to the completion of the final flight. This helicopter may carry a helicopter over 980 feet (300 meters) of Martian terrain.

Curiosity captures photos while climbing 3 Mile Mountain

Unlike Perseverance, NASA’s Curiosity rover is not a newcomer to the Martian landscape. The car-sized rover landed on the Red Planet in 2012.

Since 2014, Curiosity has been climbing the 3-mile-high Mount Sharp. Along the way, wanderers found evidence of strange rock formations and ancient, long-lived lakes.

In early March, Curiosity began to approach Mont Mercou, a rocky outcrop named after the French peak.

On March 4, the rover’s camera took two panoramic pictures, about 130 feet from the cliff face. These photos provide a three-dimensional view of the outcrop deposits. The colors in the image indicate how the rocks appear on the earth during the day.

Curiosity gif

Panorama of Mont Mercou. NASA / JPL-Caltech / MSSS

On March 16, the camera on the mast of the Ranger took another 11 images of Mont Mercou. These were stitched together with another 60 images taken by Curiosity’s robotic arm on Friday.

The resulting “selfie” shows the entire body of the mobile standing next to the rock formation.

It also shows that curiosity has left a clay-rich area of ​​the Sharp Mountains and entered a sulphate-rich area on the mountain. Scientists believe that this landscape change can help explain how Mars became a desert planet. The presence of clay is indicative of the water environment, and sulfates are usually formed as water evaporates.

On the left side of the rover, you can find a new borehole, where Curiosity collected the 30th rock sample from Mars.

Until now, Curiosity has been searching for signs of microbial life on this red planet for more than 3,000 Martian days-nearly 9 years on Earth.

However, once the Ingenuity helicopter has completed its flight, Curiosity will no longer perform its mission alone. Perseverance is also aimed at hunting microorganisms-this time in an ancient lake bed called Jezero Crater.

Morgan McFall-Johnsen provided the report.

Read the original article on Business Insider




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