Starting Monday, all Michigan residents 16 years and older will be eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine.
But many people are skeptical of the coronavirus vaccine, especially because it was developed in record time.
How to find a COVID-19 vaccination appointment in Michigan
The following is a detailed understanding of the vaccine, what we know and what we don’t know.
Misunderstanding: The vaccine will give you COVID-1
fact: Any vaccine used in the United States does not involve the injection of the virus itself, and it is impossible to obtain COVID-19 from any of the three vaccines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Indeed, historically, vaccines have produced an immune response by injecting live or dead cells weakened in a virus into an individual.
But the two vaccines approved so far-Pfizer and Moderna injection-use a revolutionary new process. These mRNA vaccines make our cells produce a protein that triggers the production of antibodies that protect us from COVID-19 infection.
“In essence, it fools your body to make only a small part of the virus, and then your body makes antibodies for that small part,” said Dr. Darryl Elmouchi, president of the Western Michigan Spectral Health Division. Tell MLive in December. “This is amazing and very different from all the vaccines we have used before. It is actually much more elegant and makes sense.
“This is the first time you have used your body to make these parts,” Ermucci said. “The reason why it is so effective is because your body produces many such fragments, and the more you are exposed to those fragments that are harmless to you, the more antibodies you make. That’s why we get a 95% efficiency s reason.
He and others said that scientists have been working on this technology for ten years, but this is the first time it has been used in a vaccine.
Johnson’s shooting uses a different technique. It also uses the genetic code to stimulate the immune response, but this vaccine is made through a genetically engineered common cold virus called adenovirus 26. (The cold virus has been modified so that it does not bring a cold to people and cannot spread in the body.)
Misunderstanding: The speed of vaccine development is too fast to believe in its safety.
fact: The doctor said that the timetable for vaccine development has been shortened, involving bureaucracy and the manufacturing process.
In fact, COVID-19 has gone through the same safety process as other vaccines, and actual use in recent months has proved that the vaccine is safe and effective.
So why are they able to develop a vaccine so quickly?
For the opener, scientists developed the genetic code of the virus almost immediately. Available in February 2020.
Second, in summer and autumn, the large number of COVID cases means that clinical trials are faster than expected, because people in the placebo group get sick faster than expected.
“Remember, the trial must prove that the vaccinated people will not get the disease, and the placebo people will get the disease,” Elmouchi told MLive in December. “Well, when you have so many diseases, you can prove it faster.”
Similarly, Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson are all still receiving FDA approval while they are starting to produce vaccines, but the premise is that if the vaccine is not approved, the dose must be discarded. This means that as long as the FDA approves, the vaccine can be distributed.
Misunderstanding: Vaccines will change your DNA.
The mRNA in the vaccine does not integrate with human DNA, nor does it enter the nucleus. The mRNA vaccine allows human cells to produce the spike protein used by the coronavirus to infect healthy cells, rather than the coronavirus itself. This is to trigger an immune response and train the body’s ability to resist the virus. “McLaren Flint Hospital (McLaren Flint Hospital) said the situation.
Misunderstanding: Different vaccines have different potency.
fact: Clinical trials have found that the effective rate of Pfizer and Moderna vaccine is 95%, while the effective rate of Johnson & Johnson vaccine is 67%.
However, experts say that this is a comparison of apples and oranges, because when COVID-19 variants appear, the clinical trial conducted by Johnson & Johnson will be later than the other two trials. The countries where Johnson & Johnson tests its vaccines include South Africa and Brazil, and variants in these countries are particularly problematic.
In addition, clinical trials have indeed shown that the Johnson & Johnson injection vaccine is equivalent to Moderna and Pfizer vaccines in preventing severe coronavirus cases that may lead to hospitalization or death. The lower percentage of Johnson & Johnson is for symptomatic diseases, including the more common mild cases.
The Johnson lens has advantages over the other two lenses because it has only one lens, which is more convenient for both medical providers and patients. This also means that compared with the five to six week course of the other two vaccines, individuals receiving Johnson & Johnson injections can be fully immunized within two weeks.
Misunderstanding: Vaccines have dangerous side effects.
fact: The vaccine may have some side effects, such as headache, fatigue and/or fever, especially after the second dose. But these symptoms usually disappear after 24 hours, indicating that the vaccine can properly stimulate the immune response.
A small number of people have a severe reaction to the vaccine. These people are usually people with a history of severe allergic reactions. People with a history of immune response should consult a doctor before vaccinating.
But overall, the health risk of contracting the coronavirus is “astronomically higher” than the vaccine-related risk, said Dr. Liam Sullivan, an infectious disease expert at Spectrum Health in Grand Rapids.
Consider this: In the past month, 1.3 million residents of Michigan have been vaccinated, and about 85,000 people have been infected with the coronavirus. Since March 1, there are currently 2,600 people hospitalized for COVID-19, and 558 deaths are due to the latter rather than the former.
Even people who are not hospitalized may face a “long-term” COVID situation. It is estimated that 10% to 30% of coronavirus patients have symptoms that last for weeks or months.
Misunderstanding: People who already have coronavirus do not need to be vaccinated.
Possessing COVID-19 does produce natural immunity, but experts do not yet know how long this natural immunity can last.
There are many recorded cases showing that people have been infected with COVID-19 more than once, especially in the case of the currently circulating variants.
The Federal Center for Disease Control strongly recommends that people recovering from COVID-19 be vaccinated.
Misunderstanding: After vaccination, you don’t need a mask.
fact: It takes some time to get the vaccine, and even after that, sometimes you still need to continue wearing a mask.
The final dose will produce complete immunity after about two weeks. This is the six-week process of Moderna injection, the five-week process of Pfizer vaccine, two weeks after a Johnson & Johnson injection.
Even if you are considered to be fully immune, be aware that the vaccine is to reduce the risk, not to eliminate it.
This means that your chances of contracting or spreading COVID are greatly reduced, and even if you are indeed infected, the vaccine also greatly reduces your chances of getting a serious case. In summary, the risk is not zero.
Therefore, once you are fully immunized, you can be with other people who have also been vaccinated or who are healthy and have a lower risk of serious illness under the age of 65, without wearing a mask. In public places or private events with strangers, you don’t know the health of everyone in the room.
Misunderstanding: Vaccines can cause miscarriage and/or infertility.
fact: No research shows this.
Currently, there is no data showing that the vaccine poses a danger to pregnant women. In other words, the safety data on this particular group of people is limited and is still ongoing.
One argument about vaccination, especially considering the high rate of coronavirus transmission in Michigan now: Compared with people who are not pregnant, pregnant women have a higher risk of serious illness from COVID-19. Serious illness can lead to intensive care, mechanical ventilation or death. Studies have shown that compared with pregnant women without COVID-19, pregnant women with COVID-19 may have a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as premature birth.
In addition, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers who have been vaccinated against COVID-19 can transfer antibodies to their children.
The CDC recommends that pregnant women talk to their doctors when weighing the pros and cons of vaccination.
Misunderstanding: You need to get a COVID-19 enhancer every year.
fact: maybe. But we don’t know yet.
Perhaps the biggest question mark surrounding vaccines is: How long can immunity last?
Experts say it will take time to tell. Some vaccines have lifelong immunity, but more often require booster shots and may require regular vaccination against coronavirus.
It may also be necessary to strengthen shooting to prevent mutation.
Misunderstanding: The personal decision of whether to vaccinate will not affect others.
fact: Vaccination can not only protect the individual, but also the people around. People who decide not to get vaccinated can still spread the virus and may still infect friends or family members who have been vaccinated.
Similarly, the fastest and most effective way to gain immunity to the herd and end the pandemic is to get as many people as possible to get vaccinated as soon as possible.
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