Yangon, Myanmar-Local providers said Myanmar’s wireless broadband Internet service was shut down by military order last Friday because protesters continued to ignore the threat of deadly violence and opposed the military government’s takeover.
According to a statement posted online by local supplier Ooredoo, the instruction issued by the Ministry of Transport and Communications on Thursday indicated that “all wireless broadband data services will be temporarily suspended until further notice.”
After Internet access was interrupted overnight for several weeks, the military closed all links except all links using fiber optic cables on Friday, and the working speed of fiber optic cables was greatly reduced. Prohibit access to mobile networks and all wireless devices (the lower cost option used by most people in developing countries).
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Except for a few media organizations that are completely controlled by the military, the government has shut down all other media. Some of those who were banned or whose activities were suspended continue to post via social media or any method they can find.
Facebook announced that it will provide a security feature to enable Myanmar users to strengthen security settings and lock their personal data to prevent access by non-friends. This includes preventing non-friends from zooming in, sharing or downloading full-size profiles and cover photos, and any posts on the viewer’s timeline.
Facebook and other major social media platforms have banned members of the Myanmar military (also known as Tatmadaw) and banned advertisements from most commercial entities connected to the military.
Also on Friday, a South Korean bank said it would temporarily close its branch in Yangon and was considering taking its South Korean employee home after security forces shot one of its Myanmar employees fatally.
Shinhan Bank spokesperson Noh Ji-young said the woman was blown to the head when she returned home from get off work on Wednesday and was pronounced dead on Friday.
The bank did not disclose more personal details about her. South Korea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said the woman was shot and killed when Myanmar security forces inspected the company car she was using.
The ministry stated that it has issued warnings to South Korean nationals in Myanmar to exercise caution when they are inspected by security forces.
At the same time, Germany-based Giesecke + Devrient (G + D) stated that it will stop delivering all products to the state-owned security printer Security Print Works, which provides raw materials, materials and system components for manufacturing Myanmar Kyat banknotes.
The company said in a statement: “This is a response to the ongoing violent conflict between the military and civilians.” It said it had previously restricted business.
Due to the large-scale destruction of the coup and the pressure of the pandemic, Myanmar’s economy is under pressure to contract. Myanmar’s military leaders are expected to order an increase in the central bank’s money supply. It is not yet clear how much impact the German company’s actions will have.
New York-based Human Rights Watch released a report on Friday that the Myanmar military has forced hundreds of people to disappear, including politicians, election officials, journalists, activists and protesters, and refused to confirm their location or allow access to violate the law. Lawyers or family members of international law.
“The military government’s widespread use of arbitrary arrests and enforced disappearances seems to be to stir up fear in the hearts of anti-coup demonstrators,” said Brad Adams, Asia director of Human Rights Watch. “Relevant governments should request the release of all missing persons and impose targeted economic sanctions on the military government leaders in order to finally hold the military man accountable.”
In the past week, the crisis in Southeast Asian countries has intensified. In the homeland bordering Thailand, the number of protesters killed and military airstrikes against Karen guerrillas have intensified.
According to the Free Myanmar Rangers, a rescue agency in the area, more than 12 civilians have been killed and more than 20,000 have been displaced since Saturday since the Karen-controlled area.
About 3,000 Karen fled to Thailand, but many returned without knowing it. The Thai authorities said they had returned voluntarily, but aid organizations said they were not safe and many people were hiding in the jungles and caves along the border with Myanmar.
The United Nations South-East Asia Human Rights Office called on countries in the region to “protect everyone who has fled the country’s violence and persecution” and “to ensure that refugees and undocumented immigrants are not forced to return,” United Nations spokesperson Stephen Duharic told reporters in New York. .
United Nations Security Council Strongly condemned the use of violence against peaceful demonstrators on Thursday night. The press release is consistent, but weaker than drafting a draft that it is “ready to consider taking further steps,” which may include sanctions. China and Russia are both permanent members of the Security Council and arms suppliers to the Myanmar military, and generally oppose sanctions.
The UN Special Envoy for Myanmar warned that Myanmar faces the possibility of civil war and urged major actions to be taken, otherwise it may fall into a state of failure.
Earlier this week, an opposition group of elected members of Parliament was sworn in on February 1 and proposed a provisional charter to replace Myanmar’s 2008 constitution. By proposing greater autonomy for ethnic minorities, the organization’s goal is to ally with armed militias active in border areas and conduct large-scale protest campaigns in cities and towns.
For decades, more than a dozen ethnic minority groups have sought greater autonomy from the central government, sometimes even through armed struggle. Even in peacetime, relations are tense and ceasefires are fragile. Several major groups-including Kachin State, the Karen people and the Rakhine State Army-condemned the coup and said they would defend the protesters on their territory.
The coup has reversed the slow development of democracy in Myanmar. Myanmar has led to international isolation and sanctions for decades under strict military rule, and has stagnated democracy for decades. As the generals relaxed their control and were eventually promoted to leadership in Aung San Suu Kyi’s 2015 general election, the international community responded by lifting most sanctions and injecting capital into the country.