Cases of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, are on the increase in young women
The American Academy of Dermatology and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries have shown that today's melanoma is the second most common form of cancer in women between 1
Sun exposure and use of sunbeds
Sun exposure may increase skin cancer risk. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that between 9:00 and 3:00 pm standard time is the most dangerous UV exposure outdoors in the continental United States.
However, physicians attribute the increase in melanoma cases to the early and frequent use of tanning beds that provide a concentrated dose of ultraviolet light.
"UV rays from the sun and tanning devices can damage the skin," warned the CDC. "Every time you get brown, you increase your risk of getting skin cancer."
In addition to the frequent UV radiation, there are other things that can increase the risk of sun damage and skin cancer.
Treatments and Health Conditions
Andrew Alexis, chair of dermatology at Mount Sinai West and Mount Sinai St. Luke's in New York City, said that health conditions and treatments that suppress the immune system elevate a person Risk of skin cancer and sun damage. 19659003] These treatments include immunosuppressive therapy for psoriasis, severe lupus or rheumatologic diseases and chemotherapy. A poorly controlled HIV can also be a risk for sun damage.
Some oral medications, such as those used for acne, can increase the risk of sunburn. Antidepressants, antibiotics, antifungals and anti-inflammatories are also known to increase photosensitivity.
People with a lack of niacin (vitamin B3) have increased sensitivity to the sun. The nutrient can be found in meat, peanuts, mushrooms and fortified grains.
Certain foods, such as limes, parsley, and celery, also contain a photosensitizing compound that can cause sunburn-like reactions.
Other Risk Factors
The CDC said that certain individuals develop more common skin cancer than others. People who have mild natural skin cancer, a family or personal history of skin cancer, a large number of birthmarks in the body, a history of sunburn early in life, skin that burns easily, redness or freckles; blond or red hair and blue or green eyes have increased the risk of skin cancer.
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