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Home / World / Maternal and Child Homes in Ireland: Reported that 9,000 infants and toddlers were killed in 18 maternal and child homes

Maternal and Child Homes in Ireland: Reported that 9,000 infants and toddlers were killed in 18 maternal and child homes

According to the report, about 56,000 people (from 12-year-old girls to women in their 40s) were sent to the 18 institutions surveyed, where about 57,000 children were born.

One-seventh (15%) of these children do not survive long enough to leave their homes, but even if “local governments and national authorities are aware” of the high mortality rate, the state has not warned of the high mortality rate. Recorded in official publications. ”

The report said that before 1960, mother-infant homes “had not saved the lives of’illegitimate children’; in fact, they seemed to greatly reduce their survival prospects”.

The report stated that infant mortality was the most disturbing feature of these institutions.

Irish mother and infant family survivors have spent decades fighting for truth.They can finally see the end

Taoiseach Micheál Martin said in a speech on Tuesday that the report “opened a window into the culture of Ireland’s hatred of feminism for decades,” and the report “revealed the state and society’s Major failure.”

The report is 2,800 pages long and was released only a few days after its main findings were leaked to a national newspaper-exacerbating the pain and suffering of survivors who have been waiting for years for the final report-and it was promised that the Minister of Children’s Affairs had a first chance on this. one sight.

Susan Lohan, a co-founder of the Adoption Rights Alliance and a member of a dedicated survivor group appointed to provide advice to the government, told CNN on Tuesday that excerpts from the report seen on Sunday indicated that the Irish government may Seeking to “normalize” the “large-scale” human rights violations that occur inside these houses.

Philomena Lee, the survivor of years searching for her forced to give up adopting her son, said in a statement on Sunday that she “has been waiting for decades-the moment when Ireland revealed thousands of unmarried mothers, such as when I And our thousands of children, such as my dear son Anthony (Anthony), were torn apart, just because we were fired the moment the child was born.”

Lee said that during the mother and baby home of Sean Ross Abbey, she said she was deprived of freedom, independence and autonomy, and was violated by the “tyranny of the nun,” and said to her mother every day, They want atonement. To repay their sins by “working for our feeding and handing over our children to nuns for forced adoption”.

Lee’s story was told in an Oscar-nominated film starring Judi Dench. She added that she was “ridiculed” by the nuns during her hard labor, and she told her that “the pain was promiscuous to me A punishment”.

Sean Ross Abbey in Roscrea, Tipperary, operated as a mother and baby home from 1930 to 1970.

The committee’s final report pointed out that this practice is not uncommon.

For many survivors and advocate groups, the report fails to prove that their experience is worrying.

Lohan told the national radio station RTE that these institutions are “a form of social engineering” and that “the state and the church work together to ensure that women-unmarried mothers and girls are seen as a threat to women’s moral values. The state” is imprisoned Behind these high walls to ensure that they do not affect or offend public morals. “

The Minister for Children, Equality, Disability, Integration and Youth, Roderic O’Gorman, said on Tuesday: “The report clearly shows that for decades, Ireland has had a stifling, oppressive and cruel feminist culture. There is widespread stigmatization of unmarried mothers and their children. The children robbed their agents and even robbed their future.”

A memorial on the site of the Tuam House in County Galway, where the bodies of hundreds of babies who died were placed in decommissioned sewage tanks.

The survivors are expected to receive an official apology from Irish Prime Minister Martin on Wednesday.

But for many people, an apology is not enough.

Lohan told CNN that she disagreed with the national plan’s apology. She said that survivors should not apologize until they have a chance to read and digest the committee’s findings, which may take weeks. time.

She also suggested that an apology is the first step in the series, and pointed out that the Commission’s investigation only covers 18 institutions, and about 180 locations in the Irish system are Ireland that promotes child negligence, premature death, forced adoption, and enforced disappearance. Part of the system. , Forced labor, deprivation of identity, forged state documents and forged mother’s consent.

For decades, the homes of mothers and babies in Ireland have been shrouded in secret.Some people say that the veil has not been lifted

That report Won’t show up Fully explain the allegations of forced or illegal adoptions, saying only that “there have been many allegations that Ireland has provided large amounts of funds to institutions and agencies that arrange foreign adoptions. These allegations cannot be proven and cannot be refuted.”

Lee also emphasized the role played by other state-owned and private institutions, and said in a statement that she “can only hope” the author of the report recognizes “those of us who have been detained against our will…people born there , Not all suffering mothers, not all suffering children.”

She said that thousands of people passed through other state hospitals and private institutions and “suffered the same fate.”

After briefly reviewing the report summary on Wednesday, Luohan said that the survivors were overwhelmed by the apparent lack of the main subject, and because the committee rejected certain allegations, some survivors now believe their evidence is not credible. Not justified.

Some advocacy groups say that the question of why the house was built in the first place has been covered up, which has weakened the trauma suffered by mothers and their children.

The report recorded the testimony of women who described torture and beating in detail, but the report said: “There is no doubt that women in the mother-child home have suffered emotional abuse, but there is almost no evidence of physical abuse, nor evidence of sexual abuse.”

The report also does not seem to involve the testimony of some survivors. They said that in addition to family members, senior members of the Catholic Church forced them into the house.

In a speech to reporters on Wednesday, Martin said, “In principle, I think the relevant religious order should contribute to the proposed remedial plan.”

Destroy records

In addition to the public release of the report on Tuesday, Ogman also introduced legislation to advance “tomb legislation” to “support the excavation, excavation, and where possible identification of the remains, and conduct a dignified funeral.” Gore County of Galway was first identified in 2014 by the local historian Catherine Corless, whose tireless efforts were the catalyst for the establishment of the committee. The law will also apply to “any other place that requires reasonable intervention”, children and youth affairs.

The committee said that about 973 children died at or near the Tuam Maternal and Child Home, indicating that some of their bodies were found in a decommissioned sewage pond.

In Tuam, only 50 tomb records were found; according to the interim report in March 2019, others “may have been lost or destroyed over the years.”

In 2019, I saw the names of some of the 796 children who were killed in Tuam’s home in a memorial in Galway County.
Other interim reports (of which there are seven) detailed the dire situations faced by mothers and children in these institutions.

A total of 900 babies were born or hospitalized in the hospital near Bessborough, County Cork, and died of infancy or early childhood.

In 1944, the infant mortality rate in the Bessborough family reached a peak of 82%. Of these 900 infant graves, only 64 were found.

The committee also found that between 1920 and 1977, the bodies of more than 950 children who died in certain houses were sent to university medical schools for “anatomical research.”

No entry

The release of the final report closed a chapter of the committee’s work, and the survivors rights group stated that their work is not over yet.

The survivors have long hoped that the committee will expose more of the allegations of arbitrary detention, cruelty and negligence, forced adoptions and vaccine trials in the house, and hold the wrongdoers accountable.

Crucially, they also hope that it will help them obtain personal records, including information about missing relatives and babies buried in unmarked graves.

In October, the government passed a law promising to seal the committee’s files from survivors and the public for 30 years. A few days later, the government changed its position, stating that the survivors of the house are legally entitled to access their personal data.

Critics of the law have successfully argued that under the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which gives individuals the right to access their data, it is illegal to keep the Commission’s records.

An Irish daughter tried to end the stigma of her secret adoption

Now, survivors’ rights groups have warned that the government and state agencies, including Tathra, the Child and Family Affairs Agency, are still restricting survivors’ access to their records.

In a statement to CNN, Tathra put the issue of access rights back to the government. He said: “The lack of laws on the provision of information will continue to cause anxiety. The way to solve this problem is: Beyond Tusla.”

The statement said: “We recognize the injuries and trauma suffered by those who have been reported by the committee to the Maternal and Child Home. This is understandable and understandable.”

Luohan said that at the same time, the agency still routinely refuses survivors, especially adopted people, to obtain their own personal information, birth certificates, identity and even ethnicity.

“These abuses did not end until the last terrible place closed in 1998.”

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